Electrical Tuning of Fresnel Lens in Reflection

Christopher Damgaard-Carstensen*, Martin Thomaschewski, Fei Ding, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Optical metasurfaces have been extensively investigated, demonstrating diverse and multiple functionalities with complete control over the transmitted and reflected fields. Most optical metasurfaces are, however, static, with only a few configurations offering (rather limited) electrical control, thereby jeopardizing their application prospects in emerging flat optics technologies. Here, we suggest an approach to realize electrically tunable optical metasurfaces, demonstrating dynamic Fresnel lens focusing. The active Fresnel lens (AFL) exploits the electro-optic Pockels effect in a 300 nm thick lithium niobate layer sandwiched between a continuous thick and a nanostructured gold film serving as electrodes. We fabricate and characterize the AFL, focusing 800-900 nm radiation at a distance of 40 μm, with the focusing efficiency of 15%, and demonstrating the modulation depth of 1.5%, with the driving voltage of ±10 V within the bandwidth of â 6.4 MHz. We believe that the electro-optic metasurface concept introduced is useful for designing dynamic flat optics components.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1576–1581
Publication statusPublished - 16. Jun 2021


  • Fresnel lens
  • electrical tunability
  • flat optics
  • lithium niobate
  • metasurface


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