Effect of remote ischemic preconditioning on fibrin formation and metabolism in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery: a randomized clinical trial

Kirsten L Wahlstrøm*, Sarah Ekeloef, Johannes Jakobsen Sidelmann, Ismail Gögenur, Anna-Marie Bloch Münster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) prior to surgery has recently been shown to reduce the risk of myocardial injury and myocardial infarction after hip fracture surgery. This study investigated whether RIPC initiated antithrombotic mechanisms in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. This trial was a predefined sub-study of a multicentre randomized clinical trial. Adult patients with cardiovascular risk factors undergoing hip fracture surgery between September 2015 and September 2017 were randomized 1 : 1 to RIPC or control. RIPC was initiated before surgery with a tourniquet applied to the upper arm and it consisted of four cycles of 5 min of forearm ischemia followed by five minutes of reperfusion. The outcomes such as surgery-induced changes in thrombin generation, fibrinogen/fibrin turnover, tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and fibrin structure measurements were determined preoperatively (prior to RIPC) and 2 h postoperatively. One hundred and thirty-seven patients were randomized to RIPC (n = 65) or control (n = 72). There were no significant changes in thrombin generation, fibrinogen/fibrin turnover or fibrin structure measurements determined pre and postoperatively between patients in the RIPC and control groups. Subgroup analyses on patients not on anticoagulant therapy (n = 103), patients receiving warfarin (n = 17) and patients receiving direct oral anticoagulant therapy (n = 18) showed no significant changes between the RIPC-patients and controls. RIPC did not affect changes in thrombin generation, fibrin turnover or fibrin structure in adult patients undergoing hip fracture surgery suggesting that the cardiovascular effect of RIPC in hip fracture surgery is not related to alterations in fibrinogen/fibrin metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume33
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)25-33
ISSN0957-5235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Fibrin
  • Humans
  • Ischemic Preconditioning
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator
  • Treatment Outcome

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