Effect of physical exercise interventions on musculoskeletal pain in all body regions among office workers: a one-year randomized controlled trial

Lars L Andersen, Karl Bang Christensen, Andreas Holtermann, Otto M Poulsen, Gisela Sjøgaard, Mogens T Pedersen, Ernst A Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated effects of physical exercise on musculoskeletal pain symptoms in all regions of the body, as well as on other musculoskeletal pain in association with neck pain. A single blind randomized controlled trial testing a one-year exercise intervention was performed among 549 office workers; specific neck/shoulder resistance training, all-round physical exercise, or a reference intervention. Pain symptoms were determined by questionnaire screening of twelve selected body regions. Case individuals were identified for each body region as those reporting pain intensities at baseline of 3 or more (scale of 0-9) during the last three months. For neck cases specifically, the additional number of pain regions was counted. Intensity of pain decreased significantly more in the neck, low back, right elbow and right hand in cases of the two exercise groups compared with the reference group (P<0.0001-0.05). The additional number of pain regions in neck cases decreased in the two exercise groups only (P<0.01-0.05). In individuals with no or minor pain at baseline, development of pain was minor in all three groups. In conclusion, both specific resistance training and all-round physical exercise for office workers caused better effects than a reference intervention in relieving musculoskeletal pain symptoms in exposed regions of the upper body.
Original languageEnglish
JournalManual Therapy
Volume15
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)100-4
Number of pages4
ISSN1356-689X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Feb 2010

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Resistance Training
Neck Pain
Elbow

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Computer Terminals
  • Denmark
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases
  • Neck Pain
  • Occupational Diseases
  • Pain
  • Pain Measurement
  • Questionnaires
  • Resistance Training
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Treatment Outcome

Cite this

Andersen, Lars L ; Christensen, Karl Bang ; Holtermann, Andreas ; Poulsen, Otto M ; Sjøgaard, Gisela ; Pedersen, Mogens T ; Hansen, Ernst A. / Effect of physical exercise interventions on musculoskeletal pain in all body regions among office workers : a one-year randomized controlled trial. In: Manual Therapy. 2010 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 100-4.
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Effect of physical exercise interventions on musculoskeletal pain in all body regions among office workers : a one-year randomized controlled trial. / Andersen, Lars L; Christensen, Karl Bang; Holtermann, Andreas; Poulsen, Otto M; Sjøgaard, Gisela; Pedersen, Mogens T; Hansen, Ernst A.

In: Manual Therapy, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.02.2010, p. 100-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Effect of physical exercise interventions on musculoskeletal pain in all body regions among office workers

T2 - a one-year randomized controlled trial

AU - Andersen, Lars L

AU - Christensen, Karl Bang

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

AU - Poulsen, Otto M

AU - Sjøgaard, Gisela

AU - Pedersen, Mogens T

AU - Hansen, Ernst A

PY - 2010/2/1

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N2 - This study investigated effects of physical exercise on musculoskeletal pain symptoms in all regions of the body, as well as on other musculoskeletal pain in association with neck pain. A single blind randomized controlled trial testing a one-year exercise intervention was performed among 549 office workers; specific neck/shoulder resistance training, all-round physical exercise, or a reference intervention. Pain symptoms were determined by questionnaire screening of twelve selected body regions. Case individuals were identified for each body region as those reporting pain intensities at baseline of 3 or more (scale of 0-9) during the last three months. For neck cases specifically, the additional number of pain regions was counted. Intensity of pain decreased significantly more in the neck, low back, right elbow and right hand in cases of the two exercise groups compared with the reference group (P<0.0001-0.05). The additional number of pain regions in neck cases decreased in the two exercise groups only (P<0.01-0.05). In individuals with no or minor pain at baseline, development of pain was minor in all three groups. In conclusion, both specific resistance training and all-round physical exercise for office workers caused better effects than a reference intervention in relieving musculoskeletal pain symptoms in exposed regions of the upper body.

AB - This study investigated effects of physical exercise on musculoskeletal pain symptoms in all regions of the body, as well as on other musculoskeletal pain in association with neck pain. A single blind randomized controlled trial testing a one-year exercise intervention was performed among 549 office workers; specific neck/shoulder resistance training, all-round physical exercise, or a reference intervention. Pain symptoms were determined by questionnaire screening of twelve selected body regions. Case individuals were identified for each body region as those reporting pain intensities at baseline of 3 or more (scale of 0-9) during the last three months. For neck cases specifically, the additional number of pain regions was counted. Intensity of pain decreased significantly more in the neck, low back, right elbow and right hand in cases of the two exercise groups compared with the reference group (P<0.0001-0.05). The additional number of pain regions in neck cases decreased in the two exercise groups only (P<0.01-0.05). In individuals with no or minor pain at baseline, development of pain was minor in all three groups. In conclusion, both specific resistance training and all-round physical exercise for office workers caused better effects than a reference intervention in relieving musculoskeletal pain symptoms in exposed regions of the upper body.

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KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Computer Terminals

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KW - Exercise Therapy

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KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Muscle Strength Dynamometer

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KW - Neck Pain

KW - Occupational Diseases

KW - Pain

KW - Pain Measurement

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Resistance Training

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Single-Blind Method

KW - Statistics, Nonparametric

KW - Treatment Outcome

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DO - 10.1016/j.math.2009.08.004

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JO - Musculoskeletal Science and Practice

JF - Musculoskeletal Science and Practice

SN - 2468-7812

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ER -