Economics, life history and international trade data for seven turtle species in Indonesian and Malaysian farms

Simon Kaae Andersen, Johanna Staerk, Elham Kalhor, Daniel J.D. Natusch, Rita da Silva, Beate Pfau, Dalia A. Conde*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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We collected data on the trade of seven turtle and tortoise species endemic to Indonesia and Malaysia (Amyda cartilaginea, Batagur borneoensis, Cuora amboinensis, Carettochelys insculpta, Heosemys annandalii, Heosemys grandis, and Heosemys spinosa). The data on those species included: operations costs of three breeding farms and one export facility; species life-history traits; and species international legal trade and confiscation data. We collected data for the facilities (one in Malaysia and three in Indonesia) using site visits and a semi-structured questionnaire. We conducted a literature review to compile relevant information on species’ life-history traits to estimate breeding viability. We downloaded species-specific data on international trade from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Trade Database for the exporting countries (Malaysia and Indonesia) for 2000–2015. We compared legal trade with confiscation data obtained from CITES. The data in this article can provide insights into the operations of turtle breeding farms in Southeast Asia. These data can be used as a reference for the inspection of breeding farms and for legislative bodies to determine whether captive breeding for select turtle species is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106708
JournalData in Brief
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Breeding facilities
  • Captive breeding
  • Confiscation
  • Farm economics
  • Testudines
  • Wildlife trade


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