Background: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a well-established risk factor for development of cardiovascular diseases. Based on available clinical data, we aimed to investigate the plasma lipid profile in the Greenlandic population, the proportion on cholesterol-lowering treatment and the adherence to local indications for cholesterol-lowering therapy. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study of the adult (≥21 years) Greenlandic population with focus on clinically determined lipid levels from 2017 to early 2022. We investigated levels of dyslipidemia and assessed cholesterol-lowering medication usage in individuals with an indication according to current Greenlandic guidelines, which include a) LDL-C >5 mmol/l, b) diabetes, c) diagnosed atherosclerotic disease and 4) a SCORE2 >7.5%. Results: In the adult Greenlandic population of 40,565 individuals a lipid profile was available in 13,895 with a mean LDL-C of 3.0 mmol/L and 976 (7%) had a LDL-C >5 mmol/l. One or more indications for cholesterol-lowering medication was present in 3988 individuals and a total of 5464 adult Greenlanders either fulfilled local criteria for statin therapy or received a statin (some without current indication) and among these, 2232 (41%) individuals received no statin. Conclusion: These findings indicate that clinically significant dyslipidemia is common in the adult Greenlandic population and that the cardiovascular preventive potential of cholesterol-lowering therapy is currently underutilized.
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study received a grant from the Novo Nordisk Foundation : NNF20SA0064190 .
- Arctic health
- Plasma lipid