Durability of Carbon Nanofiber (CNF) & Carbon Nanotube (CNT) as Catalyst Support for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Shuang Ma Andersen, Maryam Borghei, Peter Lund, Yli-Rantala Elina, Antti Pasanen, Esko Kauppinen, Virginia Ruiz, Pertti Kauranen, Eivind Morten Skou

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Abstract

Durability issues have recently been given much attention in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) research. It gives fundamental definition for cell life time, capital cost, system stability and technique reliability. Loss of catalyst surface area due to corrosion of supporting material (normally carbon black) is one of the essential degradation mechanisms during cell operation. In this work, durability of Carbon Nanofibers (CNF) & Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) as alternative platinum catalyst supports for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) was assessed. Platinized CNF and CNT using a standard polyol method were prepared and fabricated as cathodes of Membrane Electrode Assemblies (MEA) for PEMFC. Both the catalysts as such and the MEAs made out of them were evaluated regarding to thermal and electrochemical stability using traditional carbon black (Vulcan XC72) as a reference. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), cyclic voltammetry (CV), polarization curve and impedance spectroscopy were applied on the samples under accelerated stress conditions. The carbon nano-materials demonstrated better stability as support for nano-sized platinum catalyst under PEMFC related operating conditions. Due to different morphology of the nano carbons compared to Vulcan XC 72 the electrode structures may still need optimization to improve overall cell performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume231
Pages (from-to)94-101
ISSN0167-2738
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • CNF
  • CNT
  • Catalyst support
  • PEM Feul Cell
  • Durability
  • Keywords
  • PEM fuel cells

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