PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of dual time-point (DTP) PET/CT with (18)F-FDG to discriminate between malignant and benign lymphadenopathies. The relationship between DTP FDG uptake and glucose metabolism/hypoxia markers in lymphadenopathies was also assessed.
METHODS: Patients with suspected lymphoma or recently diagnosed treatment-naive lymphoma were prospectively enrolled for DTP FDG PET/CT (scans 60 min and 180 min after FDG administration). FDG-avid nodal lesions were segmented to yield volume and standardized uptake values (SUV), including SUVmax, SUVmean, cSUVmean (with partial volume correction), total lesion glycolysis (TLG) and cTLG (with partial volume correction). Expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1), hexokinase-II (HK-II), glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) were assessed with immunohistochemistry and enzyme activity was determined for HK and G6Pase.
RESULTS: FDG uptake was assessed in 203 lesions (146 malignant and 57 benign). Besides volume, there were significant increases over time for all parameters, with generally higher levels in the malignant lesions. The retention index (RI) was not able to discriminate between malignant and benign lesions. Volume, SUVmax, TLG and cTLG for both scans were able to discriminate between the two groups statistically, but without complete separation. Glucose metabolism/hypoxia markers were assessed in 15 lesions. TLG and cTLG were correlated with GLUT-1 expression on the 60-min scan. RI-max and RI-mean and SUVmax, SUVmean and cSUVmean on the 60-min scan were significantly correlated with HK-II expression.
CONCLUSION: RI was not able to discriminate between malignant and benign lesions, but some of the SUVs were able to discriminate on the 60-min and 180-min scans. Furthermore, FDG uptake was correlated with GLUT-1 and HK-II expression.
|Journal||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2016|
- Journal Article