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Abstract

Objective: Understanding the variation of alcohol use disorder (AUD) among a clinical sample of patients aged 60 and older, by identifying latent classes of AUD and exploring risk factors and outcomes of treatment associated with the class. Method: We used the Danish subsample (n = 341) from the Elderly Study. Latent class analysis was used to identify classes based on the 11 symptoms of DSM-5 AUD. We analyzed the associations between class membership and sociodemographic variables, alcohol consumption, and drinking-related outcome of treatment. Results: Three latent classes were identified. Individuals in the low-symptomatic class (34.85%) displayed low endorsement of DSM-5 criteria "Withdrawal", "Time Spent", "Less activities" compared to the other classes, and had fewest drinks per drinking day. Individuals in the moderate-symptomatic class (32.69%) were most likely to be intoxicated in hazardous situations, and those in the high-symptomatic class (32.47%) displayed, with a few exceptions, the highest probabilities of all DSM-5 criteria. Female gender, living alone and prior AUD treatment was associated with increased risk of being in the high-symptomatic class. No difference between classes was found with respect to years with AUD and frequency of drinking days, and latent class membership had no effect on drinking outcome after treatment, when controlling for baseline. Conclusions: Three classes of DSM-5 AUD among older adults in treatment emerged, displaying a low-moderate-high distribution, advocating for a unidimensional construct of DSM-5 AUD. Although different with respect to baseline risk factors, no strong connection between DSM-5 latent class and alcohol consumption after AUD treatment was found.HighlightsAmong 341 older alcohol use disorder (AUD) outpatients, three latent classes of DSM-5 AUD emerged.The classes of DSM-5 AUD displayed a low-moderate-high endorsement of DSM-5 AUD characteristics.The three classes had similar alcohol-related treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume55
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1214-1222
ISSN1082-6084
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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