Does establishing local treatment institutions lead to different populations seeking treatment among Greenlandic Inuit?

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Introduction: In 2016, a new addiction treatment service was established in Greenland to tackle the addiction problems with alcohol, cannabis and gambling among the population. The new service has established a treatment center in each of the five municipalities and works in partnership with a central private provider of treatment for those who reside in areas without a local treatment center.
Methods: The national addiction database provided us with data from the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, Alcohol Severity Index and questions on cannabis use and gambling behavior received at referral to, and at initiation of treatment. The data were analyzed for differences between the population in local or central treatment using SPSS version 25 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL).
Results: Significant differences between the individuals in local and central treatment were revealed. Individuals in local treatment are more often women with minor children and a job, and their alcohol use is concentrated on weekends/holidays. Individuals in central treatment are more equal in both genders, few have minor children living at home, heavy drinking is more pronounced, and cannabis is used more frequently as well.
Discussion: The findings support our expectations of local treatment being more attractive to individuals with obligations at home. The differences in the populations are worth considering when planning the treatment service, as the needs of the populations might differ. The findings are limited by many missing in the analyses, which we believe is caused by the establishing process of the new service
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)259-264
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

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