Do soccer and Zumba exercise improve fitness and indicators of health among female hospital employees? A 12-week RCT

Svein Barene, Peter Krustrup, S R Jackman, O. L. Brekke, Andreas Holtermann

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This randomized controlled study investigated the effectiveness of soccer and Zumba on fitness and health indicators in female participants recruited from a workplace. One hundred seven hospital employees were cluster-randomized to either a soccer group (SG), Zumba group (ZG), or control group (CG). Intervention effects for the two training groups were compared with CG. The training was conducted outside working hours as 2-3 1-h sessions per week for 12 weeks. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), fat percentage, fat mass, bone mineral content, and plasma osteocalcin were measured before and after the intervention period. Based on intention-to-treat-analyses, SG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.02) and decreased heart rate during 100-W cycle exercise (-7 bpm; P = 0.01), total body fat percentage (-1.1%; P = 0.002), and total body fat mass (-1.0 kg; P = 0.001) compared with CG. ZG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.03) and decreased total fat mass (-0.6 kg; P < 0.05) compared with CG. Plasma osteocalcin increased in SG (21%; P < 0.001) and ZG (10%; P = 0.01) compared with CG. The present study indicates that workplace initiated short-term soccer training as well as Zumba outside working hours may result in fitness and modest health benefits among female hospital employees.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume24
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)990-9
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Soccer
compound A 12
Control Groups
Health
Fats
Osteocalcin
Workplace
Adipose Tissue
Intention to Treat Analysis
Insurance Benefits
Bone Density
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Adult
  • Bone Density
  • Dancing
  • Exercise Movement Techniques
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Health Promotion
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Intention to Treat Analysis
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health
  • Osteocalcin
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Personnel, Hospital
  • Physical Conditioning, Human
  • Physical Fitness
  • Soccer
  • Journal Article
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

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title = "Do soccer and Zumba exercise improve fitness and indicators of health among female hospital employees?: A 12-week RCT",
abstract = "This randomized controlled study investigated the effectiveness of soccer and Zumba on fitness and health indicators in female participants recruited from a workplace. One hundred seven hospital employees were cluster-randomized to either a soccer group (SG), Zumba group (ZG), or control group (CG). Intervention effects for the two training groups were compared with CG. The training was conducted outside working hours as 2-3 1-h sessions per week for 12 weeks. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), fat percentage, fat mass, bone mineral content, and plasma osteocalcin were measured before and after the intervention period. Based on intention-to-treat-analyses, SG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5{\%}; P = 0.02) and decreased heart rate during 100-W cycle exercise (-7 bpm; P = 0.01), total body fat percentage (-1.1{\%}; P = 0.002), and total body fat mass (-1.0 kg; P = 0.001) compared with CG. ZG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5{\%}; P = 0.03) and decreased total fat mass (-0.6 kg; P < 0.05) compared with CG. Plasma osteocalcin increased in SG (21{\%}; P < 0.001) and ZG (10{\%}; P = 0.01) compared with CG. The present study indicates that workplace initiated short-term soccer training as well as Zumba outside working hours may result in fitness and modest health benefits among female hospital employees.",
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author = "Svein Barene and Peter Krustrup and Jackman, {S R} and Brekke, {O. L.} and Andreas Holtermann",
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Do soccer and Zumba exercise improve fitness and indicators of health among female hospital employees? A 12-week RCT. / Barene, Svein; Krustrup, Peter; Jackman, S R; Brekke, O. L.; Holtermann, Andreas.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2014, p. 990-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do soccer and Zumba exercise improve fitness and indicators of health among female hospital employees?

T2 - A 12-week RCT

AU - Barene, Svein

AU - Krustrup, Peter

AU - Jackman, S R

AU - Brekke, O. L.

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

N1 - © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This randomized controlled study investigated the effectiveness of soccer and Zumba on fitness and health indicators in female participants recruited from a workplace. One hundred seven hospital employees were cluster-randomized to either a soccer group (SG), Zumba group (ZG), or control group (CG). Intervention effects for the two training groups were compared with CG. The training was conducted outside working hours as 2-3 1-h sessions per week for 12 weeks. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), fat percentage, fat mass, bone mineral content, and plasma osteocalcin were measured before and after the intervention period. Based on intention-to-treat-analyses, SG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.02) and decreased heart rate during 100-W cycle exercise (-7 bpm; P = 0.01), total body fat percentage (-1.1%; P = 0.002), and total body fat mass (-1.0 kg; P = 0.001) compared with CG. ZG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.03) and decreased total fat mass (-0.6 kg; P < 0.05) compared with CG. Plasma osteocalcin increased in SG (21%; P < 0.001) and ZG (10%; P = 0.01) compared with CG. The present study indicates that workplace initiated short-term soccer training as well as Zumba outside working hours may result in fitness and modest health benefits among female hospital employees.

AB - This randomized controlled study investigated the effectiveness of soccer and Zumba on fitness and health indicators in female participants recruited from a workplace. One hundred seven hospital employees were cluster-randomized to either a soccer group (SG), Zumba group (ZG), or control group (CG). Intervention effects for the two training groups were compared with CG. The training was conducted outside working hours as 2-3 1-h sessions per week for 12 weeks. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), fat percentage, fat mass, bone mineral content, and plasma osteocalcin were measured before and after the intervention period. Based on intention-to-treat-analyses, SG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.02) and decreased heart rate during 100-W cycle exercise (-7 bpm; P = 0.01), total body fat percentage (-1.1%; P = 0.002), and total body fat mass (-1.0 kg; P = 0.001) compared with CG. ZG significantly improved the VO2peak relative to body mass (5%; P = 0.03) and decreased total fat mass (-0.6 kg; P < 0.05) compared with CG. Plasma osteocalcin increased in SG (21%; P < 0.001) and ZG (10%; P = 0.01) compared with CG. The present study indicates that workplace initiated short-term soccer training as well as Zumba outside working hours may result in fitness and modest health benefits among female hospital employees.

KW - Adiposity

KW - Adult

KW - Bone Density

KW - Dancing

KW - Exercise Movement Techniques

KW - Exercise Test

KW - Female

KW - Health Promotion

KW - Health Status Indicators

KW - Heart Rate

KW - Humans

KW - Intention to Treat Analysis

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Occupational Health

KW - Osteocalcin

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Personnel, Hospital

KW - Physical Conditioning, Human

KW - Physical Fitness

KW - Soccer

KW - Journal Article

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1111/sms.12138

DO - 10.1111/sms.12138

M3 - Journal article

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VL - 24

SP - 990

EP - 999

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - 6

ER -