Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

In this paper, we test whether the perception of filled-pause (FP) frequency and public-speaking performance are mediated by the phonetic characteristics of FPs. In particular, total duration, vowel-formant pattern (if present), and nasal segment proportion of FPs were correlated with perceptual data of 29 German listeners who rated excerpts of business presentations given by 68 German-speaking managers. Results show strong inter-speaker differences in how and how often FPs are realized. Moreover, differences in FP duration and nasal proportion are significantly correlated with estimated (i.e. subjective) FP frequency and perceived speaker performance. The shorter and more nasal a speaker's FPs are, the more do listeners underestimate the speaker's actual FP frequency and the higher they rate the speaker's public-speaking performance. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for FP saliency and rhetorical training.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc. Interspeech 2019
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
Publication date16. Sep 2019
Pages544-548
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16. Sep 2019
EventINTERSPEECH 2019 - Graz, Austria
Duration: 15. Sep 201919. Sep 2019

Conference

ConferenceINTERSPEECH 2019
CountryAustria
CityGraz
Period15/09/201919/09/2019
SeriesProceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
ISSN1990-9772

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Proportion
Rhetoric
Managers

Keywords

  • filled pause
  • rhetoric
  • hesitation
  • German
  • charisma

Cite this

Niebuhr, O., & Fischer, K. (2019). Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. In Proc. Interspeech 2019 (pp. 544-548). International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194
Niebuhr, Oliver ; Fischer, Kerstin. / Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), 2019. pp. 544-548 (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing).
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abstract = "In this paper, we test whether the perception of filled-pause (FP) frequency and public-speaking performance are mediated by the phonetic characteristics of FPs. In particular, total duration, vowel-formant pattern (if present), and nasal segment proportion of FPs were correlated with perceptual data of 29 German listeners who rated excerpts of business presentations given by 68 German-speaking managers. Results show strong inter-speaker differences in how and how often FPs are realized. Moreover, differences in FP duration and nasal proportion are significantly correlated with estimated (i.e. subjective) FP frequency and perceived speaker performance. The shorter and more nasal a speaker's FPs are, the more do listeners underestimate the speaker's actual FP frequency and the higher they rate the speaker's public-speaking performance. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for FP saliency and rhetorical training.",
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Niebuhr, O & Fischer, K 2019, Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. in Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, pp. 544-548, INTERSPEECH 2019, Graz, Austria, 15/09/2019. https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194

Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. / Niebuhr, Oliver; Fischer, Kerstin.

Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), 2019. p. 544-548 (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Niebuhr O, Fischer K. Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. In Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). 2019. p. 544-548. (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing). https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194