Distinction between the Cfr Methyltransferase Conferring Antibiotic Resistance and the Housekeeping RlmN Methyltransferase

Gemma C Atkinson, Lykke H Hansen, Tanel Tenson, Anette Rasmussen, Finn Kirpekar, Birte Vester

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The cfr gene encodes the Cfr methyltransferase that primarily methylates C-8 in A2503 of 23S rRNA in the peptidyl transferase region of bacterial ribosomes. The methylation provides resistance to six classes of antibiotics of clinical and veterinary importance. The rlmN gene encodes the RlmN methyltransferase that methylates C-2 in A2503 in 23S rRNA and A37 in tRNA, but RlmN does not significantly influence antibiotic resistance. The enzymes are homologous and use the same mechanism involving radical S-adenosyl methionine to methylate RNA via an intermediate involving a methylated cysteine in the enzyme and a transient cross-linking to the RNA, but they differ in which carbon atom in the adenine they methylate. Comparative sequence analysis identifies differentially conserved residues that indicate functional sequence divergence between the two classes of Cfr- and RlmN-like sequences. The differentiation between the two classes is supported by previous and new experimental evidence from antibiotic resistance, primer extensions, and mass spectrometry. Finally, evolutionary aspects of the distribution of Cfr- and RlmN-like enzymes are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume57
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)4019-4026
Number of pages8
ISSN0066-4804
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Distinction between the Cfr Methyltransferase Conferring Antibiotic Resistance and the Housekeeping RlmN Methyltransferase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this