This paper studies the effect of the 1918/19 influenza pandemic on fertility in Sweden. We find evidence of community rebuilding and replacement fertility, but the net long-term effect is a large reduction in fertility. Within this fertility decline there is a selection into more stable families: we observe a relative increase in births to married women and better-off families. Several factors -- including income effects and disruptions to marriage -- contribute to fertility reduction. Our results are consistent with studies that find a positive fertility response following natural disasters, but we show that this effect is short-lived.
|Publisher||Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2017|
|Series||IZA Discussion Paper|