Diffusion‐Weighted MRI in Patients with Testicular Tumors: Intra‐ and Interobserver Variability

Malene Roland Vils Pedersen*, Martina Kastrup Loft, Claus Dam, Lone Ærenlund Lohmann Rasmussen, Signe Timm

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

In general, magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion‐weighted imaging (DWI) has shown potential in clinical settings. In testicles parenchyma, the DW imaging helps differentiate and characterize benign from malignant lesions. Placement and size of the region of interest (ROI) may affect the ADC value. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the intra‐ and interobserver variability in testicular tumors when measuring ADC using various types of regions of interest (ROI). Two observers performed the ADC measurements in testicular lesions based on three ROI methods: (1) whole volume, (2) round, and (3) small sample groups. Intra‐ and interobserver variability was analyzed for all ROI methods using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and bland‐altman plots. The two observers performed the measurements twice, three months apart. A total of 26 malignant testicle tumors were included. Interobserver agreement was excellent in tumor length (ICC = 0.98) and tumor width (ICC = 0.98). In addition, intraobserver agreement was excellent in tumor length (ICC = 0.98) and tumor width (ICC = 0.99). The whole volume interobserver agreement in the first reading was excellent (ICC = 0.93). Round ADC had an excellent (ICC = 0.93) and fair (ICC = 0.58) interobserver agreement, in the first and second reading, respectively. Interobserver agreement in ADC small ROIs was good (ICC = 0.87), and good (ICC = 0.78), in the first and second reading, respectively. Intraobserver agreement varied from fair, good to excellent agreement. The ROI method showed varying inter‐ and intraobserver agreement in ADC measurement. Using multiple small ROI conceded the highest interobserver variability, and, thus, the whole volume or round seem to be the preferable methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Oncology
Volume29
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)837-847
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • ADC
  • DWI
  • Interobserver
  • Region of interest
  • Testicular tumor

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