Differences in heart rate reserve of similar physical activities during work and in leisure time – A study among Danish blue-collar workers

Pieter Coenen*, Mette Korshøj, David M. Hallman, Maaike A. Huysmans, Allard J. van der Beek, Leon M. Straker, Andreas Holtermann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n = 124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed. Activities of sitting, standing, moving, walking, and stair climbing were identified and %HRR in each of these activities was determined for work and leisure. %HRR was significantly higher during OPA than LTPA. These differences were more pronounced in men than in women. Although not statistically significant in the fully adjusted model, we found indications that these differences were more pronounced in those with low compared to high fitness. To our knowledge, this is the first study with objective measurements showing that %HRR is higher during the same gross-body postural activities when performed at work compared to leisure-time during workdays. This elevated intensity may help explaining the negative health consequences of engagement in high levels of OPA. Future guidelines should distinguish OPA from LTPA, possibly by advising workers to remain active during their leisure time, in particular when they are highly active at work.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume186
Pages (from-to)45-51
ISSN0031-9384
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15. Mar 2018

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Leisure Activities
Exercise
Health
Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Blue-collar workers
  • Heart rate reserve
  • Leisure-time physical activity
  • Occupational physical activity
  • Physical activity
  • Leisure Activities
  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness
  • Heart Rate/physiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations
  • Exercise/physiology
  • Male
  • Young Adult
  • Heart Rate Determination
  • Employment
  • Adolescent
  • Sex Factors
  • Denmark
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Aged

Cite this

Coenen, Pieter ; Korshøj, Mette ; Hallman, David M. ; Huysmans, Maaike A. ; van der Beek, Allard J. ; Straker, Leon M. ; Holtermann, Andreas. / Differences in heart rate reserve of similar physical activities during work and in leisure time – A study among Danish blue-collar workers. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2018 ; Vol. 186. pp. 45-51.
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title = "Differences in heart rate reserve of similar physical activities during work and in leisure time – A study among Danish blue-collar workers",
abstract = "Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve ({\%}HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n = 124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed. Activities of sitting, standing, moving, walking, and stair climbing were identified and {\%}HRR in each of these activities was determined for work and leisure. {\%}HRR was significantly higher during OPA than LTPA. These differences were more pronounced in men than in women. Although not statistically significant in the fully adjusted model, we found indications that these differences were more pronounced in those with low compared to high fitness. To our knowledge, this is the first study with objective measurements showing that {\%}HRR is higher during the same gross-body postural activities when performed at work compared to leisure-time during workdays. This elevated intensity may help explaining the negative health consequences of engagement in high levels of OPA. Future guidelines should distinguish OPA from LTPA, possibly by advising workers to remain active during their leisure time, in particular when they are highly active at work.",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Blue-collar workers, Heart rate reserve, Leisure-time physical activity, Occupational physical activity, Physical activity, Leisure Activities, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Heart Rate/physiology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Middle Aged, Occupations, Exercise/physiology, Male, Young Adult, Heart Rate Determination, Employment, Adolescent, Sex Factors, Denmark, Adult, Female, Aged",
author = "Pieter Coenen and Mette Korsh{\o}j and Hallman, {David M.} and Huysmans, {Maaike A.} and {van der Beek}, {Allard J.} and Straker, {Leon M.} and Andreas Holtermann",
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Differences in heart rate reserve of similar physical activities during work and in leisure time – A study among Danish blue-collar workers. / Coenen, Pieter; Korshøj, Mette; Hallman, David M.; Huysmans, Maaike A.; van der Beek, Allard J.; Straker, Leon M.; Holtermann, Andreas.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 186, 15.03.2018, p. 45-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in heart rate reserve of similar physical activities during work and in leisure time – A study among Danish blue-collar workers

AU - Coenen, Pieter

AU - Korshøj, Mette

AU - Hallman, David M.

AU - Huysmans, Maaike A.

AU - van der Beek, Allard J.

AU - Straker, Leon M.

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

PY - 2018/3/15

Y1 - 2018/3/15

N2 - Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n = 124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed. Activities of sitting, standing, moving, walking, and stair climbing were identified and %HRR in each of these activities was determined for work and leisure. %HRR was significantly higher during OPA than LTPA. These differences were more pronounced in men than in women. Although not statistically significant in the fully adjusted model, we found indications that these differences were more pronounced in those with low compared to high fitness. To our knowledge, this is the first study with objective measurements showing that %HRR is higher during the same gross-body postural activities when performed at work compared to leisure-time during workdays. This elevated intensity may help explaining the negative health consequences of engagement in high levels of OPA. Future guidelines should distinguish OPA from LTPA, possibly by advising workers to remain active during their leisure time, in particular when they are highly active at work.

AB - Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n = 124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed. Activities of sitting, standing, moving, walking, and stair climbing were identified and %HRR in each of these activities was determined for work and leisure. %HRR was significantly higher during OPA than LTPA. These differences were more pronounced in men than in women. Although not statistically significant in the fully adjusted model, we found indications that these differences were more pronounced in those with low compared to high fitness. To our knowledge, this is the first study with objective measurements showing that %HRR is higher during the same gross-body postural activities when performed at work compared to leisure-time during workdays. This elevated intensity may help explaining the negative health consequences of engagement in high levels of OPA. Future guidelines should distinguish OPA from LTPA, possibly by advising workers to remain active during their leisure time, in particular when they are highly active at work.

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KW - Cardiorespiratory Fitness

KW - Heart Rate/physiology

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Occupations

KW - Exercise/physiology

KW - Male

KW - Young Adult

KW - Heart Rate Determination

KW - Employment

KW - Adolescent

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Denmark

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Aged

U2 - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.01.011

DO - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.01.011

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29341873

AN - SCOPUS:85041308506

VL - 186

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EP - 51

JO - Physiology & Behavior

JF - Physiology & Behavior

SN - 0031-9384

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