Diagnostic and Clinical Value of FFRCT in Stable Chest Pain Patients With Extensive Coronary Calcification: The FACC Study

Hans Mickley*, Karsten T. Veien, Oke Gerke, Jess Lambrechtsen, Allan Rohold, Flemming H. Steffensen, Mirza Husic, Dilek Akkan, Martin Busk, Louise B. Jessen, Lisette O. Jensen, Axel Diederichsen, Kristian A. Øvrehus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The influence of extensive coronary calcifications on the diagnostic and prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography–derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) has been scantily investigated. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic and short-term role of FFRCT in chest pain patients with Agatston score (AS) >399. Methods: This was a prospective multicenter study of 260 stable patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and AS >399. FFRCT was measured blinded by an independent core laboratory. All patients underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and FFR if indicated. The agreement of FFRCT ≤0.80 with hemodynamically significant CAD on ICA/FFR (≥50% left main or ≥70% epicardial artery stenosis and/or FFR ≤0.80) was assessed. Patients undergoing FFR had colocation FFRCT measured, and the lowest per-patient FFRCT was registered in all patients. The association among per-patient FFRCT, coronary revascularization, and major clinical events (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina hospitalization) at 90-day follow-up was evaluated. Results: Median age and AS were 68.5 years (IQR: 63-74 years) and 895 (IQR: 587-1,513), respectively. FFRCT was ≤0.80 in 204 patients (78%). Colocation FFRCT (n = 112) showed diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity to identify hemodynamically significant CAD of 71%, 87%, and 54%. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC) was 0.75. When using the lowest FFRCT (n = 260), per-patient accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 57%, 95%, and 32%, respectively. The AUC was 0.84. A total of 85 patients underwent revascularization, and FFRCT was ≤0.80 in 96% of these. During follow-up, major clinical events occurred in 3 patients (1.2%), all with FFRCT ≤0.80. Conclusions: Most patients with AS >399 had FFRCT ≤0.80. Using ICA/FFR as the reference revealed a moderate diagnostic accuracy of colocation FFRCT. Compared with the lowest per-patient FFRCT, colocation FFRCT measurement improved diagnostic accuracy and specificity. The 90-day follow-up was favorable with few coronary revascularizations and no major clinical events occurring in patients with FFRCT >0.80. (Use of FFR-CT in Stable Intermediate Chest Pain Patients With Severe Coronary Calcium Score [FACC]; NCT03548753)

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume15
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1046-1058
ISSN1936-878X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American College of Cardiology Foundation

Keywords

  • computed tomography angiography
  • coronary angiography
  • coronary artery disease
  • coronary calcification
  • noninvasive fractional flow reserve

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