Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs second study (DAWN2™): cross-national comparisons on barriers and resources for optimal care--healthcare professional perspective

Richard I G Holt, Antonio Nicolucci, K Kovacs Burns, Maria Escalante-Perez, A. Forbes, Norbert Hermanns, S Kalra, M Massi-Benedetti, A Mayorov, E Menéndez-Torre, N Munro, S E Skovlund, I Tarkun, J Wens, Mark Peyrot, DAWN2 Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: The second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study sought cross-national comparisons of perceptions on healthcare provision for benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices to improve diabetes care.

METHODS: In total, 4785 healthcare professionals caring for people with diabetes across 17 countries participated in an online survey designed to assess diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training.

RESULTS: Between 61.4 and 92.9% of healthcare professionals felt that people with diabetes needed to improve various self-management activities; glucose monitoring (range, 29.3-92.1%) had the biggest country difference, with a between-country variance of 20%. The need for a major improvement in diabetes self-management education was reported by 60% (26.4-81.4%) of healthcare professionals, with a 12% between-country variance. Provision of diabetes services differed among countries, with many healthcare professionals indicating that major improvements were needed across a range of areas, including healthcare organization [30.6% (7.4-67.1%)], resources for diabetes prevention [78.8% (60.4-90.5%)], earlier diagnosis and treatment [67.9% (45.0-85.5%)], communication between team members and people with diabetes [56.1% (22.3-85.4%)], specialist nurse availability [63.8% (27.9-90.7%)] and psychological support [62.7% (40.6-79.6%)]. In some countries, up to one third of healthcare professionals reported not having received any formal diabetes training. Societal discrimination against people with diabetes was reported by 32.8% (11.4-79.6%) of participants.

CONCLUSIONS: This survey has highlighted concerns of healthcare professionals relating to diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training. Identifying between-country differences in several areas will allow benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetic Medicine Online
Volume30
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)789-798
ISSN1464-5491
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Cost of Illness
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Health Personnel
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Nurses
  • Nutritionists
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Physicians
  • Prejudice
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Care
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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