The kinetics of dextropropoxyphene (DP) and its main metabolite norpropoxyphene (NP) were studied in 6 healthy male subjects after a single oral dose of 195 mg DP HCl, and during and after 12 daily single oral doses of 195 mg DP HCl. The kinetics varied up to five-fold between individuals after the single dose, the apparent mean elimination half-life (t1/2) was 16 h for DP and 29 h for NP. The mean apparent overall plasma clearance (CL) for DP was 2.61/min. There was no systematic difference in DP clearance between the single and multiple doses, but the accuracy of individual predictions from single to multiple doses was poor, probably because of imprecise determinations of the AUC and t1/2 in the single dose experiments. The individual correlation between single and multiple dose kinetics was good for NP, although the predicted plasma levels during steady state were significantly higher than the observed levels (mean AUCss/AUCsd: 0.81). There was no sign of saturation kinetics on repeated administration. In fact, autoinduction, resulting in significantly lower plasma concentrations after treatment for 1 week was found for NP and was indicated for DP. On discontinuing DP after 12 days of treatment, the apparent mean t1/2 of DP was 23 h and of NP 25 h.
- multiple dose
- single dose