Detailed statistical analysis plan for a secondary Bayesian analysis of the SafeBoosC-III trial: a multinational, randomised clinical trial assessing treatment guided by cerebral oximetry monitoring versus usual care in extremely preterm infants

The SafeBoosC-III Trial Group

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Abstract

Background: Extremely preterm infants have a high mortality and morbidity. Here, we present a statistical analysis plan for secondary Bayesian analyses of the pragmatic, sufficiently powered multinational, trial—SafeBoosC III—evaluating the benefits and harms of cerebral oximetry monitoring plus a treatment guideline versus usual care for such infants. Methods: The SafeBoosC-III trial is an investigator-initiated, open-label, randomised, multinational, pragmatic, phase III clinical trial with a parallel-group design. The trial randomised 1601 infants, and the frequentist analyses were published in April 2023. The primary outcome is a dichotomous composite outcome of death or severe brain injury. The exploratory outcomes are major neonatal morbidities associated with neurodevelopmental impairment later in life: (1) bronchopulmonary dysplasia; (2) retinopathy of prematurity; (3) late-onset sepsis; (4) necrotising enterocolitis; and (5) number of major neonatal morbidities (count of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, and severe brain injury). The primary Bayesian analyses will use non-informed priors including all plausible effects. The models will use a Hamiltonian Monte Carlo sampler with 1 chain, a sampling of 10,000, and at least 25,000 iterations for the burn-in period. In Bayesian statistics, such analyses are referred to as ‘posteriors’ and will be presented as point estimates with 95% credibility intervals (CrIs), encompassing the most probable results based on the data, model, and priors selected. The results will be presented as probability of any benefit or any harm, Bayes factor, and the probability of clinical important benefit or harm. Two statisticians will analyse the blinded data independently following this protocol. Discussion: This statistical analysis plan presents a secondary Bayesian analysis of the SafeBoosC-III trial. The analysis and the final manuscript will be carried out and written after we publicise the primary frequentist trial report. Thus, we can interpret the findings from both the frequentists and Bayesian perspective. This approach should provide a better foundation for interpreting of our findings. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.org, NCT03770741. Registered on 10 December 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Article number737
JournalTrials
Volume24
Number of pages8
ISSN1745-6215
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Bayesian statistics
  • Cerebral oximetry
  • Extremely preterm
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Randomised clinical trial
  • Statistical analysis plan
  • Humans
  • Oximetry/methods
  • Infant
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity/diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Infant, Extremely Premature
  • Infant, Newborn

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