Degradation mechanisms of electrochemical activity of Pt/C during the accelerated stress test focused on catalyst support corrosion

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearch

Abstract

Accelerated stress test (AST) protocol meant to study the durability of catalyst support (carbon) for the state-of-the-art electrocatalyst used in the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), i.e., Pt nanoparticles supported on high surface area carbon (Pt/C) has been evaluated critically. For the Pt/C electrocatalysts, the AST meant to study the support durability consists of potentiodynamic treatment, e.g., potential cycling for the potentials > 1.0 V, where the Pt surface is passivated through surface oxides and the corrosion of support carbon is prominent degradation mechanism. We have observed that potential cycling between 1.0 and 1.6 V (vs. RHE) in sulfuric acid or perchloric acid electrolyte causes significant impact on the catalyst particles presumed to be passivated due to formation of oxide layer. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of pre-AST and post-AST samples (Figure 1) suggest significant change in crystallite size during potential cycling between 1.0 and 1.6 V (vs. RHE), which may be considered to growth induced by dissolution/redeposition rather than particle growth through agglomeration due to support corrosion. Based on quantification of the degradation mechanisms,1, 2, significant (~50%) electrochemical surface area loss due to catalyst particle growth during support corrosion AST should be taken into account while development/screening of durable catalyst supports.
Original languageEnglish
Publication dateSept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Event72nd Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry - Hybrid Meeting - Jeju Island, Korea/Online, Jeju Island, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 29. Aug 20213. Sept 2021
https://annual72.ise-online.org/

Conference

Conference72nd Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry
LocationHybrid Meeting - Jeju Island, Korea/Online
Country/TerritoryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period29/08/202103/09/2021
Internet address

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Degradation mechanisms of electrochemical activity of Pt/C during the accelerated stress test focused on catalyst support corrosion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this