Decomposing the Differences in Cancer Mortality between Denmark and Sweden

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cancer survival tends to be lower in Denmark than in comparable countries like Sweden. It has been suggested that this difference can be partly explained by higher tobacco use by Danes than Swedes and a more adverse stage at diagnosis distribution. In this paper, we aim to decompose the difference in cancer mortality between Denmark and Sweden by their differences in 1) age composition at diagnosis, 2) stage composition at diagnosis and 3) the force of mortality by age and stage. This procedure allows quantification of the contribution of each of these factors to the overall difference in cancer mortality. Preliminary results suggest that diagnosis at a later stage could be the only reason why Danes suffer higher mortality from breast cancer. Later stage diagnosis explains 37% of the difference in mortality from lung cancer. Higher mortality from lung cancer is observed at each stage in Denmark, compared to Sweden.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date8. Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 8. Jan 2018
EventPopulation Association of America (PAA) -
Duration: 25. Apr 201828. Apr 2018

Conference

ConferencePopulation Association of America (PAA)
Period25/04/201828/04/2018

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Denmark
Neoplasms
Delayed Diagnosis
Tobacco Use

Cite this

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title = "Decomposing the Differences in Cancer Mortality between Denmark and Sweden",
abstract = "Cancer survival tends to be lower in Denmark than in comparable countries like Sweden. It has been suggested that this difference can be partly explained by higher tobacco use by Danes than Swedes and a more adverse stage at diagnosis distribution. In this paper, we aim to decompose the difference in cancer mortality between Denmark and Sweden by their differences in 1) age composition at diagnosis, 2) stage composition at diagnosis and 3) the force of mortality by age and stage. This procedure allows quantification of the contribution of each of these factors to the overall difference in cancer mortality. Preliminary results suggest that diagnosis at a later stage could be the only reason why Danes suffer higher mortality from breast cancer. Later stage diagnosis explains 37{\%} of the difference in mortality from lung cancer. Higher mortality from lung cancer is observed at each stage in Denmark, compared to Sweden.",
author = "{Bergeron Boucher}, Marie-Pier and Wensink, {Maarten Jan} and Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen and Virginia Zarulli and Silvia Rizzi and James Oeppen and Kaare Christensen",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
note = "Population Association of America (PAA) ; Conference date: 25-04-2018 Through 28-04-2018",

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Decomposing the Differences in Cancer Mortality between Denmark and Sweden. / Bergeron Boucher, Marie-Pier; Wensink, Maarten Jan; Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune; Zarulli, Virginia; Rizzi, Silvia; Oeppen, James; Christensen, Kaare.

2018. Abstract from Population Association of America (PAA), .

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Decomposing the Differences in Cancer Mortality between Denmark and Sweden

AU - Bergeron Boucher, Marie-Pier

AU - Wensink, Maarten Jan

AU - Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune

AU - Zarulli, Virginia

AU - Rizzi, Silvia

AU - Oeppen, James

AU - Christensen, Kaare

PY - 2018/1/8

Y1 - 2018/1/8

N2 - Cancer survival tends to be lower in Denmark than in comparable countries like Sweden. It has been suggested that this difference can be partly explained by higher tobacco use by Danes than Swedes and a more adverse stage at diagnosis distribution. In this paper, we aim to decompose the difference in cancer mortality between Denmark and Sweden by their differences in 1) age composition at diagnosis, 2) stage composition at diagnosis and 3) the force of mortality by age and stage. This procedure allows quantification of the contribution of each of these factors to the overall difference in cancer mortality. Preliminary results suggest that diagnosis at a later stage could be the only reason why Danes suffer higher mortality from breast cancer. Later stage diagnosis explains 37% of the difference in mortality from lung cancer. Higher mortality from lung cancer is observed at each stage in Denmark, compared to Sweden.

AB - Cancer survival tends to be lower in Denmark than in comparable countries like Sweden. It has been suggested that this difference can be partly explained by higher tobacco use by Danes than Swedes and a more adverse stage at diagnosis distribution. In this paper, we aim to decompose the difference in cancer mortality between Denmark and Sweden by their differences in 1) age composition at diagnosis, 2) stage composition at diagnosis and 3) the force of mortality by age and stage. This procedure allows quantification of the contribution of each of these factors to the overall difference in cancer mortality. Preliminary results suggest that diagnosis at a later stage could be the only reason why Danes suffer higher mortality from breast cancer. Later stage diagnosis explains 37% of the difference in mortality from lung cancer. Higher mortality from lung cancer is observed at each stage in Denmark, compared to Sweden.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -