Daily domain-specific time-use composition of physical behaviors and blood pressure

Nidhi Gupta*, Mette Korshøj, Dorothea Dumuid, Pieter Coenen, Karen Allesøe, Andreas Holtermann

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown contrasting effects on hypertension for occupational and leisure-time physical behaviors-physical activity and sedentary behavior and time in bed. However, (a) none of these studies have addressed the compositional property of the physical behaviors and (b) most knowledge on the association between domain-specific physical behaviors and hypertension relies upon self-reported physical behaviors information primarily on white-collar worker study samples. We aimed to be the first to disentangle the relationship between technically measured 24-h time-use behaviors in work and leisure domains and blood pressure among blue-collar workers using a compositional data analysis approach.

METHODS: Workers (n = 669) wore accelerometers to measure daily minutes of work and leisure sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and time in bed which were isometrically log-transformed. Cross-sectional linear association between time-use composition and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were determined using compositional isotemporal substitutions models.

RESULTS: The time-use composition at the work and leisure domains was significantly associated with SBP (F = 4.98, p < 0.001) and DBP (F = 2.91, p = 0.008). Reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors within each domain-work and leisure-was favorably associated with SBP. Similar results were observed when reallocating time in bed from the remaining leisure behaviors. Results for reallocating time to/from MVPA and LPA at both domains were non-significant. Results regarding all physical behaviors for DBP were generally non-significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Time-use composition of physical behaviors at work and leisure is associated with blood pressure among blue-collar workers. At both domains, reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors, especially to time in bed at leisure may reduce blood pressure. Our results, based on a compositional data approach, can be used to better design accurate and comprehensive time-use recommendations both at work and leisure for high-risk groups like blue-collar workers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume16
Number of pages11
ISSN1479-5868
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10. Jan 2019

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Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Domain
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behaviors
  • Sleep

Cite this

Gupta, Nidhi ; Korshøj, Mette ; Dumuid, Dorothea ; Coenen, Pieter ; Allesøe, Karen ; Holtermann, Andreas. / Daily domain-specific time-use composition of physical behaviors and blood pressure. In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2019 ; Vol. 16.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown contrasting effects on hypertension for occupational and leisure-time physical behaviors-physical activity and sedentary behavior and time in bed. However, (a) none of these studies have addressed the compositional property of the physical behaviors and (b) most knowledge on the association between domain-specific physical behaviors and hypertension relies upon self-reported physical behaviors information primarily on white-collar worker study samples. We aimed to be the first to disentangle the relationship between technically measured 24-h time-use behaviors in work and leisure domains and blood pressure among blue-collar workers using a compositional data analysis approach.METHODS: Workers (n = 669) wore accelerometers to measure daily minutes of work and leisure sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and time in bed which were isometrically log-transformed. Cross-sectional linear association between time-use composition and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were determined using compositional isotemporal substitutions models.RESULTS: The time-use composition at the work and leisure domains was significantly associated with SBP (F = 4.98, p < 0.001) and DBP (F = 2.91, p = 0.008). Reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors within each domain-work and leisure-was favorably associated with SBP. Similar results were observed when reallocating time in bed from the remaining leisure behaviors. Results for reallocating time to/from MVPA and LPA at both domains were non-significant. Results regarding all physical behaviors for DBP were generally non-significant.CONCLUSIONS: Time-use composition of physical behaviors at work and leisure is associated with blood pressure among blue-collar workers. At both domains, reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors, especially to time in bed at leisure may reduce blood pressure. Our results, based on a compositional data approach, can be used to better design accurate and comprehensive time-use recommendations both at work and leisure for high-risk groups like blue-collar workers.",
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Daily domain-specific time-use composition of physical behaviors and blood pressure. / Gupta, Nidhi; Korshøj, Mette; Dumuid, Dorothea; Coenen, Pieter; Allesøe, Karen; Holtermann, Andreas.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 16, 4, 10.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Daily domain-specific time-use composition of physical behaviors and blood pressure

AU - Gupta, Nidhi

AU - Korshøj, Mette

AU - Dumuid, Dorothea

AU - Coenen, Pieter

AU - Allesøe, Karen

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

PY - 2019/1/10

Y1 - 2019/1/10

N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown contrasting effects on hypertension for occupational and leisure-time physical behaviors-physical activity and sedentary behavior and time in bed. However, (a) none of these studies have addressed the compositional property of the physical behaviors and (b) most knowledge on the association between domain-specific physical behaviors and hypertension relies upon self-reported physical behaviors information primarily on white-collar worker study samples. We aimed to be the first to disentangle the relationship between technically measured 24-h time-use behaviors in work and leisure domains and blood pressure among blue-collar workers using a compositional data analysis approach.METHODS: Workers (n = 669) wore accelerometers to measure daily minutes of work and leisure sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and time in bed which were isometrically log-transformed. Cross-sectional linear association between time-use composition and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were determined using compositional isotemporal substitutions models.RESULTS: The time-use composition at the work and leisure domains was significantly associated with SBP (F = 4.98, p < 0.001) and DBP (F = 2.91, p = 0.008). Reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors within each domain-work and leisure-was favorably associated with SBP. Similar results were observed when reallocating time in bed from the remaining leisure behaviors. Results for reallocating time to/from MVPA and LPA at both domains were non-significant. Results regarding all physical behaviors for DBP were generally non-significant.CONCLUSIONS: Time-use composition of physical behaviors at work and leisure is associated with blood pressure among blue-collar workers. At both domains, reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors, especially to time in bed at leisure may reduce blood pressure. Our results, based on a compositional data approach, can be used to better design accurate and comprehensive time-use recommendations both at work and leisure for high-risk groups like blue-collar workers.

AB - BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown contrasting effects on hypertension for occupational and leisure-time physical behaviors-physical activity and sedentary behavior and time in bed. However, (a) none of these studies have addressed the compositional property of the physical behaviors and (b) most knowledge on the association between domain-specific physical behaviors and hypertension relies upon self-reported physical behaviors information primarily on white-collar worker study samples. We aimed to be the first to disentangle the relationship between technically measured 24-h time-use behaviors in work and leisure domains and blood pressure among blue-collar workers using a compositional data analysis approach.METHODS: Workers (n = 669) wore accelerometers to measure daily minutes of work and leisure sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and time in bed which were isometrically log-transformed. Cross-sectional linear association between time-use composition and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were determined using compositional isotemporal substitutions models.RESULTS: The time-use composition at the work and leisure domains was significantly associated with SBP (F = 4.98, p < 0.001) and DBP (F = 2.91, p = 0.008). Reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors within each domain-work and leisure-was favorably associated with SBP. Similar results were observed when reallocating time in bed from the remaining leisure behaviors. Results for reallocating time to/from MVPA and LPA at both domains were non-significant. Results regarding all physical behaviors for DBP were generally non-significant.CONCLUSIONS: Time-use composition of physical behaviors at work and leisure is associated with blood pressure among blue-collar workers. At both domains, reallocating sedentary time to remaining behaviors, especially to time in bed at leisure may reduce blood pressure. Our results, based on a compositional data approach, can be used to better design accurate and comprehensive time-use recommendations both at work and leisure for high-risk groups like blue-collar workers.

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Domain

KW - Physical activity

KW - Sedentary behaviors

KW - Sleep

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-018-0766-1

DO - 10.1186/s12966-018-0766-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 4

ER -