Curation and Analysis of Global Sedimentary Geochemical Data to Inform Earth History

Akshay Mehra, C. Brenhin Keller, Tianran Zhang, Nicholas J. Tosca, Scott M. McLennan, Erik Sperling, Una Farrell, Jochen Brocks, Donald Canfield, Devon Cole, Peter Crockford, Huan Cui, Tais W. Dahl, Keith Dewing, Joseph F. Emmings, Robert R. Gaines, Tim Gibson, Geoffrey J. Gilleaudeau, Romain Guilbaud, Malcom HodgskissAmber Jarrett, Pavel Kabanov, Marcus Kunzmann, Chao Li, David K. Loydell, Xinze Lu, Austin Miller, N. Tanner Mills, Lucas D. Mouro, Brennan O'Connell, Shanan E. Peters, Simon Poulton, Samantha R. Ritzer, Emmy Smith, Philip Wilby, Christina Woltz, Justin V. Strauss

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Large datasets increasingly provide critical insights into crustal and surface processes on Earth. These data come in the form of published and contributed observations, which often include associated metadata. Even in the best-case scenario of a carefully curated dataset, it may be non-trivial to extract meaningful analyses from such compilations, and choices made with respect to filtering, resampling, and averaging can affect the resulting trends and any interpretation(s) thereof. As a result, a thorough understanding of how to digest, process, and analyze large data compilations is required. Here, we present a generalizable workflow developed using the Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project database. We demonstrate the effects of filtering and weighted resampling on Al2O3 and U contents, two representative geochemical components of interest in sedi-mentary geochemistry (one major and one trace element, respectively). Through our analyses, we highlight several methodological challenges in a "bigger data" approach to Earth science. We suggest that, with slight modifications to our workflow, researchers can confidently use large collections of observations to gain new insights into processes that have shaped Earth's crustal and surface environments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGSA Today
Volume31
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)4-10
ISSN1052-5173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event Geological Society of America Connects 2021 - Portland, United States
Duration: 10. Oct 202113. Oct 2021

Conference

Conference Geological Society of America Connects 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPortland
Period10/10/202113/10/2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Geological Society of America. All rights reserved.

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