CTCFL regulates the PI3K-Akt pathway and it is a target for personalized ovarian cancer therapy

Marisol Salgado-Albarrán, Julian Späth, Rodrigo González-Barrios, Jan Baumbach*, Ernesto Soto-Reyes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy due to the lack of reliable biomarkers, effective treatment, and chemoresistance. Improving the diagnosis and the development of targeted therapies is still needed. The molecular pathomechanisms driving HGSC progression are not fully understood though crucial for effective diagnosis and identification of novel targeted therapy options. The oncogene CTCFL (BORIS), the paralog of CTCF, is a transcriptional factor highly expressed in ovarian cancer (but in rarely any other tissue in females) with cancer-specific characteristics and therapeutic potential. In this work, we seek to understand the regulatory functions of CTCFL to unravel new target genes with clinical relevance. We used in vitro models to evaluate the transcriptional changes due to the presence of CTCFL, followed by a selection of gene candidates using de novo network enrichment analysis. The resulting mechanistic candidates were further assessed regarding their prognostic potential and druggability. We show that CTCFL-driven genes are involved in cytoplasmic membrane functions; in particular, the PI3K-Akt initiators EGFR1 and VEGFA, as well as ITGB3 and ITGB6 are potential drug targets. Finally, we identified the CTCFL targets ACTBL2, MALT1 and PCDH7 as mechanistic biomarkers to predict survival in HGSC. Finally, we elucidated the value of CTCFL in combination with its targets as a prognostic marker profile for HGSC progression and as putative drug targets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Journalnpj Systems Biology and Applications
Volume8
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN2056-7189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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© 2022, The Author(s).

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