Cross-national differences in grip strength among 50+ year old Europeans: Results from the SHARE study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Grip strength (GS) has an age- and gender-dependent decline with advancing age. One study comparing GS among extremely old show a North-South gradient with lowest GS in Italy compared to France (intermediary) and Denmark (highest) even after adjusting for confounders. As GS is associated with higher rates of functional decline and mortality, and thus may be used as a health indicator, it is of interest to examine whether the results on extremely old can be reproduced in a large-scale European survey. GS was measured in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 27,456 individuals aged 50+ in 11 European countries included in the SHARE survey. We made a cross-country comparison of the age trajectory of GS in both genders. Northern-continental European countries had higher GS than southern European countries even when stratifying by age and gender and controlling for height, weight, education, health and socioeconomic status. The relative excess was found to be 11% and the absolute difference 5.0 kg for 50- to 54-year-old men, increasing to 28% and 6.9 kg among 80+ year-old men. The corresponding figures for women were 16% and 4.3 kg, and 21% and 3.5 kg, respectively. Southern European countries have lower GS in the age range 50+ year. Gene-environment interactions may explain country-specific differences. The use of GS in cross-national surveys should control not only for age and gender, but also for nationality.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
Volume6
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)227-236
ISSN1613-9372
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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gender
nationality
Denmark
health status
social status
Gene-Environment Interaction
Italy
mortality
France
interaction
health
Education
Weights and Measures
education
Health
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Grip strength
  • Hand strength
  • Epidemiology
  • Life expectancy
  • Aged
  • Cross-sectional studies

Cite this

@article{164446b0801711de9c46000ea68e967b,
title = "Cross-national differences in grip strength among 50+ year old Europeans: Results from the SHARE study",
abstract = "Grip strength (GS) has an age- and gender-dependent decline with advancing age. One study comparing GS among extremely old show a North-South gradient with lowest GS in Italy compared to France (intermediary) and Denmark (highest) even after adjusting for confounders. As GS is associated with higher rates of functional decline and mortality, and thus may be used as a health indicator, it is of interest to examine whether the results on extremely old can be reproduced in a large-scale European survey. GS was measured in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 27,456 individuals aged 50+ in 11 European countries included in the SHARE survey. We made a cross-country comparison of the age trajectory of GS in both genders. Northern-continental European countries had higher GS than southern European countries even when stratifying by age and gender and controlling for height, weight, education, health and socioeconomic status. The relative excess was found to be 11{\%} and the absolute difference 5.0 kg for 50- to 54-year-old men, increasing to 28{\%} and 6.9 kg among 80+ year-old men. The corresponding figures for women were 16{\%} and 4.3 kg, and 21{\%} and 3.5 kg, respectively. Southern European countries have lower GS in the age range 50+ year. Gene-environment interactions may explain country-specific differences. The use of GS in cross-national surveys should control not only for age and gender, but also for nationality.",
keywords = "Gribestyrke, H{\aa}ndstyrke, Epidemiologi, Forventet levetid, Aldring, Tv{\ae}rsektorielle studier, Grip strength, Hand strength, Epidemiology, Life expectancy, Aged, Cross-sectional studies",
author = "Karen Andersen-Ranberg and Inge Petersen and Henrik Frederiksen and Johan Mackenbach and Kaare Christensen",
note = "Paper id:: 10.1007/s10433-009-0128-6",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/s10433-009-0128-6",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "227--236",
journal = "European Journal of Ageing",
issn = "1613-9372",
publisher = "Heinemann",
number = "3",

}

Cross-national differences in grip strength among 50+ year old Europeans : Results from the SHARE study. / Andersen-Ranberg, Karen; Petersen, Inge; Frederiksen, Henrik; Mackenbach, Johan; Christensen, Kaare.

In: European Journal of Ageing, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2009, p. 227-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cross-national differences in grip strength among 50+ year old Europeans

T2 - Results from the SHARE study

AU - Andersen-Ranberg, Karen

AU - Petersen, Inge

AU - Frederiksen, Henrik

AU - Mackenbach, Johan

AU - Christensen, Kaare

N1 - Paper id:: 10.1007/s10433-009-0128-6

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Grip strength (GS) has an age- and gender-dependent decline with advancing age. One study comparing GS among extremely old show a North-South gradient with lowest GS in Italy compared to France (intermediary) and Denmark (highest) even after adjusting for confounders. As GS is associated with higher rates of functional decline and mortality, and thus may be used as a health indicator, it is of interest to examine whether the results on extremely old can be reproduced in a large-scale European survey. GS was measured in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 27,456 individuals aged 50+ in 11 European countries included in the SHARE survey. We made a cross-country comparison of the age trajectory of GS in both genders. Northern-continental European countries had higher GS than southern European countries even when stratifying by age and gender and controlling for height, weight, education, health and socioeconomic status. The relative excess was found to be 11% and the absolute difference 5.0 kg for 50- to 54-year-old men, increasing to 28% and 6.9 kg among 80+ year-old men. The corresponding figures for women were 16% and 4.3 kg, and 21% and 3.5 kg, respectively. Southern European countries have lower GS in the age range 50+ year. Gene-environment interactions may explain country-specific differences. The use of GS in cross-national surveys should control not only for age and gender, but also for nationality.

AB - Grip strength (GS) has an age- and gender-dependent decline with advancing age. One study comparing GS among extremely old show a North-South gradient with lowest GS in Italy compared to France (intermediary) and Denmark (highest) even after adjusting for confounders. As GS is associated with higher rates of functional decline and mortality, and thus may be used as a health indicator, it is of interest to examine whether the results on extremely old can be reproduced in a large-scale European survey. GS was measured in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 27,456 individuals aged 50+ in 11 European countries included in the SHARE survey. We made a cross-country comparison of the age trajectory of GS in both genders. Northern-continental European countries had higher GS than southern European countries even when stratifying by age and gender and controlling for height, weight, education, health and socioeconomic status. The relative excess was found to be 11% and the absolute difference 5.0 kg for 50- to 54-year-old men, increasing to 28% and 6.9 kg among 80+ year-old men. The corresponding figures for women were 16% and 4.3 kg, and 21% and 3.5 kg, respectively. Southern European countries have lower GS in the age range 50+ year. Gene-environment interactions may explain country-specific differences. The use of GS in cross-national surveys should control not only for age and gender, but also for nationality.

KW - Gribestyrke

KW - Håndstyrke

KW - Epidemiologi

KW - Forventet levetid

KW - Aldring

KW - Tværsektorielle studier

KW - Grip strength

KW - Hand strength

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Life expectancy

KW - Aged

KW - Cross-sectional studies

U2 - 10.1007/s10433-009-0128-6

DO - 10.1007/s10433-009-0128-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - 227

EP - 236

JO - European Journal of Ageing

JF - European Journal of Ageing

SN - 1613-9372

IS - 3

ER -