Cortisol regulates nitric oxide synthase in freshwater and seawater acclimated rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cortisol and nitric oxide (NO) are regulators of ion transport and metabolic functions in fish. In the gill, they show opposite effects on Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) activity: cortisol stimulates NKA activity while NO inhibits NKA activity. We hypothesized that cortisol may impact NO production in osmoregulatory tissues by regulating NO synthase (NOS) expression. We evaluated the influence of cortisol treatment on mRNA expression of Nos1 and Nos2 in gill, kidney and middle intestine of both freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW) acclimated rainbow trout and found both tissue- and salinity-dependent effects. Nos2 expression was down-regulated in the gill by cortisol injection in both FW and SW trout. This was substantiated by incubating gill tissue with cortisol ex vivo. Similarly, cortisol injection significantly down-regulated Nos2 expression in kidney of SW fish but not in FW fish. In the middle intestine, Nos2 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW but unchanged in SW fish. Nos1 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW kidney and down-regulated in SW kidney, whereas it was unaffected in gill and middle intestine of FW and SW fish. Our data provide the first evidence that cortisol may influence NO production in fish by regulating Nos expression. Indeed, the down-regulation of Nos2 expression by cortisol in the gill may prevent the inhibitory effect of NO on NKA activity thereby furthering the stimulatory effect of cortisol on ion-transport.

Original languageEnglish
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Volume204
Pages (from-to)1-8
ISSN1095-6433
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Oncorhynchus mykiss
Seawater
Fresh Water
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Fishes
Nitric Oxide
Intestines
Kidney
Trout
Down-Regulation

Cite this

@article{108aed08e3384eccb938c5325165fdeb,
title = "Cortisol regulates nitric oxide synthase in freshwater and seawater acclimated rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss",
abstract = "Cortisol and nitric oxide (NO) are regulators of ion transport and metabolic functions in fish. In the gill, they show opposite effects on Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) activity: cortisol stimulates NKA activity while NO inhibits NKA activity. We hypothesized that cortisol may impact NO production in osmoregulatory tissues by regulating NO synthase (NOS) expression. We evaluated the influence of cortisol treatment on mRNA expression of Nos1 and Nos2 in gill, kidney and middle intestine of both freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW) acclimated rainbow trout and found both tissue- and salinity-dependent effects. Nos2 expression was down-regulated in the gill by cortisol injection in both FW and SW trout. This was substantiated by incubating gill tissue with cortisol ex vivo. Similarly, cortisol injection significantly down-regulated Nos2 expression in kidney of SW fish but not in FW fish. In the middle intestine, Nos2 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW but unchanged in SW fish. Nos1 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW kidney and down-regulated in SW kidney, whereas it was unaffected in gill and middle intestine of FW and SW fish. Our data provide the first evidence that cortisol may influence NO production in fish by regulating Nos expression. Indeed, the down-regulation of Nos2 expression by cortisol in the gill may prevent the inhibitory effect of NO on NKA activity thereby furthering the stimulatory effect of cortisol on ion-transport.",
author = "Lucie Gerber and Madsen, {Steffen S} and Jensen, {Frank B}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.11.002",
language = "English",
volume = "204",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology",
issn = "1095-6433",
publisher = "Heinemann",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cortisol regulates nitric oxide synthase in freshwater and seawater acclimated rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

AU - Gerber, Lucie

AU - Madsen, Steffen S

AU - Jensen, Frank B

N1 - Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Cortisol and nitric oxide (NO) are regulators of ion transport and metabolic functions in fish. In the gill, they show opposite effects on Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) activity: cortisol stimulates NKA activity while NO inhibits NKA activity. We hypothesized that cortisol may impact NO production in osmoregulatory tissues by regulating NO synthase (NOS) expression. We evaluated the influence of cortisol treatment on mRNA expression of Nos1 and Nos2 in gill, kidney and middle intestine of both freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW) acclimated rainbow trout and found both tissue- and salinity-dependent effects. Nos2 expression was down-regulated in the gill by cortisol injection in both FW and SW trout. This was substantiated by incubating gill tissue with cortisol ex vivo. Similarly, cortisol injection significantly down-regulated Nos2 expression in kidney of SW fish but not in FW fish. In the middle intestine, Nos2 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW but unchanged in SW fish. Nos1 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW kidney and down-regulated in SW kidney, whereas it was unaffected in gill and middle intestine of FW and SW fish. Our data provide the first evidence that cortisol may influence NO production in fish by regulating Nos expression. Indeed, the down-regulation of Nos2 expression by cortisol in the gill may prevent the inhibitory effect of NO on NKA activity thereby furthering the stimulatory effect of cortisol on ion-transport.

AB - Cortisol and nitric oxide (NO) are regulators of ion transport and metabolic functions in fish. In the gill, they show opposite effects on Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) activity: cortisol stimulates NKA activity while NO inhibits NKA activity. We hypothesized that cortisol may impact NO production in osmoregulatory tissues by regulating NO synthase (NOS) expression. We evaluated the influence of cortisol treatment on mRNA expression of Nos1 and Nos2 in gill, kidney and middle intestine of both freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW) acclimated rainbow trout and found both tissue- and salinity-dependent effects. Nos2 expression was down-regulated in the gill by cortisol injection in both FW and SW trout. This was substantiated by incubating gill tissue with cortisol ex vivo. Similarly, cortisol injection significantly down-regulated Nos2 expression in kidney of SW fish but not in FW fish. In the middle intestine, Nos2 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW but unchanged in SW fish. Nos1 expression was up-regulated by cortisol injection in FW kidney and down-regulated in SW kidney, whereas it was unaffected in gill and middle intestine of FW and SW fish. Our data provide the first evidence that cortisol may influence NO production in fish by regulating Nos expression. Indeed, the down-regulation of Nos2 expression by cortisol in the gill may prevent the inhibitory effect of NO on NKA activity thereby furthering the stimulatory effect of cortisol on ion-transport.

U2 - 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.11.002

DO - 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.11.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 204

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology

JF - Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology

SN - 1095-6433

ER -