Contextually tailored interventions can increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity: the experiences of two Danish municipalities

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Abstract

Background: The present study aims to test out contextually tailored interventions to increase evidence-informed health-enhancing physical activity policy-making in two Danish municipalities. Methods: The study was performed as experiments in natural settings. Based on results from a pre-intervention study defining the needs and contexts of the two settings, the interventions were developed based on logical models. The interventions aimed at increasing the use of knowledge in policy-making, primarily via strengthening intersectoral collaboration. The interventions were evaluated via pre-, post- and 12-month follow-up questionnaires and qualitative interviews were carried out prior to the intervention start. Results: The use of knowledge changed in several ways. In one municipality, the use of stakeholder and target group knowledge increased whereas, in the other municipality, the use of research knowledge increased. In both municipalities, the ability to translate knowledge to local context, the political request and the organisational procedures for use of knowledge increased during the interventions. There was some variation between the two settings, which shows the importance of tailoring to context. Most of the changes were diminished at the 12-month follow-up. Conclusion: Contextually tailored interventions have the potential to increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity. However, this finding needs to be tested in larger samples and its sustainability must be strengthened.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalHealth Research Policy and Systems
Volume16
Number of pages10
ISSN1478-4505
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21. Feb 2018

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Policy Making
Health
Interviews
Research

Keywords

  • Evidence integration
  • Implementation research
  • Participatory approach
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Humans
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Urban Population
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Knowledge
  • Local Government
  • Exercise
  • Health Promotion
  • Policy Making
  • Denmark
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Cities
  • Health Policy

Cite this

@article{97e2e9a5250e4e3ab4dcd4628eaa67b8,
title = "Contextually tailored interventions can increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity: the experiences of two Danish municipalities",
abstract = "Background: The present study aims to test out contextually tailored interventions to increase evidence-informed health-enhancing physical activity policy-making in two Danish municipalities. Methods: The study was performed as experiments in natural settings. Based on results from a pre-intervention study defining the needs and contexts of the two settings, the interventions were developed based on logical models. The interventions aimed at increasing the use of knowledge in policy-making, primarily via strengthening intersectoral collaboration. The interventions were evaluated via pre-, post- and 12-month follow-up questionnaires and qualitative interviews were carried out prior to the intervention start. Results: The use of knowledge changed in several ways. In one municipality, the use of stakeholder and target group knowledge increased whereas, in the other municipality, the use of research knowledge increased. In both municipalities, the ability to translate knowledge to local context, the political request and the organisational procedures for use of knowledge increased during the interventions. There was some variation between the two settings, which shows the importance of tailoring to context. Most of the changes were diminished at the 12-month follow-up. Conclusion: Contextually tailored interventions have the potential to increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity. However, this finding needs to be tested in larger samples and its sustainability must be strengthened.",
keywords = "Evidence integration, Implementation research, Participatory approach, Residence Characteristics, Humans, Cooperative Behavior, Urban Population, Evidence-Based Medicine, Knowledge, Local Government, Exercise, Health Promotion, Policy Making, Denmark, Surveys and Questionnaires, Cities, Health Policy",
author = "Maja Bertram and Natasa Loncarevic and Radl-Karimi, {Christina Mathilde} and Malene Th{\o}gersen and Thomas Skovgaard and Aro, {Arja R.}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1186/s12961-018-0290-4",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "Health Research Policy and Systems",
issn = "1478-4505",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contextually tailored interventions can increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity: the experiences of two Danish municipalities

AU - Bertram, Maja

AU - Loncarevic, Natasa

AU - Radl-Karimi, Christina Mathilde

AU - Thøgersen, Malene

AU - Skovgaard, Thomas

AU - Aro, Arja R.

PY - 2018/2/21

Y1 - 2018/2/21

N2 - Background: The present study aims to test out contextually tailored interventions to increase evidence-informed health-enhancing physical activity policy-making in two Danish municipalities. Methods: The study was performed as experiments in natural settings. Based on results from a pre-intervention study defining the needs and contexts of the two settings, the interventions were developed based on logical models. The interventions aimed at increasing the use of knowledge in policy-making, primarily via strengthening intersectoral collaboration. The interventions were evaluated via pre-, post- and 12-month follow-up questionnaires and qualitative interviews were carried out prior to the intervention start. Results: The use of knowledge changed in several ways. In one municipality, the use of stakeholder and target group knowledge increased whereas, in the other municipality, the use of research knowledge increased. In both municipalities, the ability to translate knowledge to local context, the political request and the organisational procedures for use of knowledge increased during the interventions. There was some variation between the two settings, which shows the importance of tailoring to context. Most of the changes were diminished at the 12-month follow-up. Conclusion: Contextually tailored interventions have the potential to increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity. However, this finding needs to be tested in larger samples and its sustainability must be strengthened.

AB - Background: The present study aims to test out contextually tailored interventions to increase evidence-informed health-enhancing physical activity policy-making in two Danish municipalities. Methods: The study was performed as experiments in natural settings. Based on results from a pre-intervention study defining the needs and contexts of the two settings, the interventions were developed based on logical models. The interventions aimed at increasing the use of knowledge in policy-making, primarily via strengthening intersectoral collaboration. The interventions were evaluated via pre-, post- and 12-month follow-up questionnaires and qualitative interviews were carried out prior to the intervention start. Results: The use of knowledge changed in several ways. In one municipality, the use of stakeholder and target group knowledge increased whereas, in the other municipality, the use of research knowledge increased. In both municipalities, the ability to translate knowledge to local context, the political request and the organisational procedures for use of knowledge increased during the interventions. There was some variation between the two settings, which shows the importance of tailoring to context. Most of the changes were diminished at the 12-month follow-up. Conclusion: Contextually tailored interventions have the potential to increase evidence-informed policy-making on health-enhancing physical activity. However, this finding needs to be tested in larger samples and its sustainability must be strengthened.

KW - Evidence integration

KW - Implementation research

KW - Participatory approach

KW - Residence Characteristics

KW - Humans

KW - Cooperative Behavior

KW - Urban Population

KW - Evidence-Based Medicine

KW - Knowledge

KW - Local Government

KW - Exercise

KW - Health Promotion

KW - Policy Making

KW - Denmark

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Cities

KW - Health Policy

U2 - 10.1186/s12961-018-0290-4

DO - 10.1186/s12961-018-0290-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29466998

VL - 16

JO - Health Research Policy and Systems

JF - Health Research Policy and Systems

SN - 1478-4505

M1 - 14

ER -