Contents of capsaicinoids in chillies grown in Denmark

Lars Duelund, Ole G. Mouritsen

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Abstract

We have studied 15 different cultivars of chillies (Capsicum var.) grown in temperate climate Denmark and determined the contents of the four major capsaicinoids: capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin, and homocapsaicin. From these contents we have, as commonly done for chillies, calculated the so-called pungency in Scoville heat units in order to compare with previous studies from other climatical zones. For three of the investigated cultivars, Serrano, Habanero and BIH Jolokia, for which reliable pungencies has previously been reported, we have found pungencies of 34,000 ± 1400, 247,000 ± 24,000 and 665,000 ± 4000, respectively, which are all in the same ranges as found earlier for chillies grown in more traditional chilli growing areas. Furthermore we have found that the relative distribution of the four capsaicinoids in the 15 different cultivars is highly variable, with the content of capsaicin ranging from 31% to 71% of the total capsaicinoid content.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume221
Pages (from-to)913-918
ISSN0308-8146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Capsaicinoids
  • Capsicum var.
  • Chilli peppers
  • LC-MS
  • Climate
  • Capsaicin/analogs & derivatives
  • Denmark
  • Capsicum/chemistry

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