Concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D from neonatal dried blood spots and the relation to gestational age, birth weight and Ponderal Index: The D-Tect study

Amélie Keller*, Mina N. Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Ramune Jacobsen, Arieh S. Cohen, John J. McGrath, Berit L. Heitmann

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Studies have suggested that vitamin D status at birth may be associated with a range of neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the association between neonatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) concentration and gestational age, birth weight, Ponderal Index and size for gestational age. Neonatal capillary blood stored as dried blood spots was used to assess 25(OH)D3 concentrations among 2686 subjects selected from a random population sub-sample of individuals, born in Denmark from 1 May 1981 to 31 December 2002. There was an inverse association between 25(OH)D3 concentration and gestational age at birth of-0·006 (95 % CI-0·009,-0·003, P<0·001) weeks of gestation per 1 nmol/l increase in 25(OH)D3 concentration. An inverted U-shaped association between 25(OH)D3 and birth weight and Ponderal Index (P=0·04) was found, but no association with size for gestational age was shown. This study suggests that neonatal 25(OH)D3 concentration is associated with anthropometric measures at birth known to be correlated with many subsequent health outcomes such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
    Volume119
    Issue number12
    Pages (from-to)1416-1423
    ISSN0007-1145
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28. Jun 2018

    Keywords

    • Anthropometry
    • Dried blood spots
    • Neonatal outcomes
    • Vitamin D

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