BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined morphological findings from preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and arthroscopic findings as prognostic factors for outcomes 1 and 2 years after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM).
PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose was to evaluate prognostic factors of preoperative findings from MRI and arthroscopic evaluation on lower extremity performance at 1 year and patient-reported outcomes at 1 to 2 years after APM. The hypothesis was that medial compartment abnormalities would be prognostic for 1- and 2-year functional outcomes.
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.
METHODS: This secondary analysis from the OMEX (Odense-Oslo Meniscectomy Versus Exercise) trial included 40 patients treated surgically. Regression analyses with adjustments for age, sex, and body mass index explored associations between MRI findings (tear complexity and extrusion), arthroscopic findings (tear length, cartilage injury, and amount of excised meniscal tissue), and the following: lower extremity performance tests and thigh muscle strength at 1 year and the 5 Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subscales at 1 and 2 years.
RESULTS: A complex meniscal tear was a significant and clinically relevant prognostic factor for worse KOOS Symptoms subscores at 2 years (mean, 14.1 points [95% CI, 6.1-22.2]). Meniscal extrusion of at least 11%, 25%, and 20% were significant and clinically relevant prognostic factors for worse KOOS Activities of Daily Living (ADL) subscores at 1 year and worse KOOS Sports and Recreation (Sports/Rec) subscores at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Tear lengths of at least 7.0 mm, 6.7 mm, and 6.5 mm were significant and clinically relevant prognostic factors for better KOOS Symptoms subscores at 1 year and better KOOS Sports/Rec subscores at 1 and 2 years, respectively. A cartilage injury in the medial compartment was a significant and clinically relevant prognostic factor for worse KOOS ADL and Quality of Life (QoL) subscores at 2 years (mean, 10.4 and 19.4 points, respectively [95% CI, 3.4-17.4 and 7.7-31.1, respectively]). More than 20% meniscal tissue excised was a significant and clinically relevant prognostic factor for worse KOOS Pain, Symptoms, ADL, and Sports/Rec subscores at 1 and 2 years (mean, 8.9-41.5 points [95% CI, 2.2-15.5 to 21.0-62.0]) and worse KOOS QoL subscores at 2 years (mean, 25.3 points [95% CI, 13.6-37.0]).
CONCLUSION: Complex meniscal tears, larger extrusion, cartilage injuries, and larger meniscal excision were significant and clinically relevant prognostic factors for worse outcomes 1 and 2 years after APM.
REGISTRATION: NCT01002794 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier).