Commentary: The evolution of methods to assess the effects of treatments, illustrated by the development of treatments for diphtheria, 1825-1918

Annick Opinel, Ulrich Tröhler, Christian Gluud, Gabriel Gachelin, George Davey Smith, Scott Harris Podolsky, Iain Chalmers

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)662-676
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Diphtheria Antitoxin/history
  • Diphtheria Toxoid/history
  • Diphtheria/history
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera/administration & dosage
  • Intubation/history
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Tracheotomy/history

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