Combined effects of targeted blood pressure, oxygenation, and duration of device-based fever prevention after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on 1-year survival: post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial

Martin A.S. Meyer*, Christian Hassager, Simon Mølstrøm, Britt Borregaard, Johannes Grand, Benjamin Nyholm, Laust E.R. Obling, Rasmus P. Beske, Anna Sina P. Meyer, Ditte Bekker‑Jensen, Matilde Winther-Jensen, Vibeke L. Jørgensen, Henrik Schmidt, Jacob E. Møller, Jesper Kjaergaard

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: The “Blood Pressure and Oxygenation Targets in Post Resuscitation Care” (BOX) trial investigated whether a low versus high blood pressure target, a restrictive versus liberal oxygenation target, and a shorter versus longer duration of device-based fever prevention in comatose patients could improve outcomes. No differences in rates of discharge from hospital with severe disability or 90-day mortality were found. However, long-term effects and potential interaction of the interventions are unknown. Accordingly, the objective of this study is to investigate both individual and combined effects of the interventions on 1-year mortality rates. Methods: The BOX trial was a randomized controlled two-center trial that assigned comatose resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients to the following three interventions at admission: A blood pressure target of either 63 mmHg or 77 mmHg; An arterial oxygenation target of 9–10 kPa or 13–14 kPa; Device-based fever prevention administered as an initial 24 h at 36 °C and then either 12 or 48 h at 37 °C; totaling 36 or 72 h of temperature control. Randomization occurred in parallel and simultaneously to all interventions. Patients were followed for the occurrence of death from all causes for 1 year. Analyzes were performed by Cox proportional models, and assessment of interactions was performed with the interventions stated as an interaction term. Results: Analysis for all three interventions included 789 patients. For the intervention of low compared to high blood pressure targets, 1-year mortality rates were 35% (138 of 396) and 36% (143 of 393), respectively, hazard ratio (HR) 0.92 (0.73–1.16) p = 0.47. For the restrictive compared to liberal oxygenation targets, 1-year mortality rates were 34% (135 of 394) and 37% (146 of 395), respectively, HR 0.92 (0.73–1.16) p = 0.46. For device-based fever prevention for a total of 36 compared to 72 h, 1-year mortality rates were 35% (139 of 393) and 36% (142 of 396), respectively, HR 0.98 (0.78–1.24) p = 0.89. There was no sign of interaction between the interventions, and accordingly, no combination of randomizations indicated differentiated treatment effects. Conclusions: There was no difference in 1-year mortality rates for a low compared to high blood pressure target, a liberal compared to restrictive oxygenation target, or a longer compared to shorter duration of device-based fever prevention after cardiac arrest. No combination of the interventions affected these findings. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03141099, Registered 30 April 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
JournalCritical Care
Volume28
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN1364-8535
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Oxygenation
  • Post-resuscitation care
  • Temperature control

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