Closed loop supply chains 4.0: From risks to benefits through advanced technologies. A literature review and research agenda

Marco Simonetto, Fabio Sgarbossa*, Daria Battini, Kannan Govindan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Sustainability issues have driven many industries to close the loop in their supply chains (SCs), evolving into a more complex process, with many risks due to the circular or multi-circular structure with several reverse flows of goods/parts/materials. Moreover, the levels of integration between partners and the levels of digitalisation in Closed Loop Supply Chains (CLSCs) are still low, yet the benefits for society are vitally relevant. Enabling technologies under the Industry 4.0 umbrella have demonstrated their positive impacts mainly on the manufacturing level, while a few researchers have investigated their effects at the SC level. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to concentrate its attention on the analysis of the benefits that enabling Industry 4.0 technologies can provide in terms of mitigating the risks in CLSCs, with a specific focus on the operational risks. Through two systematic literature reviews, this paper identifies the main operational risks connected with CLSCs activities and describes the impact of Industry 4.0 technologies on mitigating identified risks. A conceptual framework and a new cross-sectional matrix are proposed to summarise the reviews and to support future managerial initiatives in the CLSCs domain. Finally, the paper concludes by identifying some open research opportunities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108582
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Volume253
Number of pages26
ISSN0925-5273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Benefits
  • closed Loop supply chains
  • Industry 4.0
  • Operational risks
  • Research agenda

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