The renal proximal tubule (PT) is responsible for the reabsorption of approximately 65% of filtered calcium, primarily via a paracellular pathway. However, which protein(s) contribute this paracellular calcium pore is not known. The claudin family of tight junction proteins confers permeability properties to an epithelium. Claudin-12 is expressed in the kidney and when overexpressed in cell culture contributes paracellular calcium permeability (PCa). We therefore examined claudin-12 renal localization and its contribution to tubular paracellular calcium permeability. Claudin-12 null mice (KO) were generated by replacing the single coding exon with β-galactosidase from Escherichia coli. X-gal staining revealed that claudin-12 promoter activity colocalized with aquaporin-1, consistent with the expression in the PT. PTs were microperfused ex vivo and PCa was measured. PCa in PTs from KO mice was significantly reduced compared with WT mice. However, urinary calcium excretion was not different between genotypes, including those on different calcium containing diets. To assess downstream compensation, we examined renal mRNA expression. Claudin-14 expression, a blocker of PCa in the thick ascending limb (TAL), was reduced in the kidney of KO animals. Thus, claudin-12 is expressed in the PT, where it confers paracellular calcium permeability. In the absence of claudin-12, reduced claudin-14 expression in the TAL may compensate for reduced PT calcium reabsorption.