Citing the innovative work of the original inventors: An analysis of citations to prior clinical trials

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Abstract

Introduction. The massive growth of the amount of scientific literature can result in an abundancy of relevant studies when an author wants to substantiate a claim. References and citations are fundamental bibliometric artefacts yet little guidance is offered to authors regarding the selection between equally relevant references. Only rules of thumb exist, and this paper provides an overview of the scarce publications within the area. One well-known rule of thumb is to cite seminal work.
Method. This study analyses the extent to which seminal papers are being cited more or less than more recent studies, when authors cite previous, similar studies. Cohorts of studies addressing the same research question form the data set of the analysis. The data is visualised and analysed using statistical analyses and charts.
Results. The results show that some research questions are addressed by as much as 50 or 100 studies. Also, the paper shows that the more citable studies, the smaller the ratio of cited to non-cited studies.
Conclusion. There does not seem to be a general tendency towards older or more recent studies being cited more. The more citable studies the more evenly distributed the share of citations seems to be. The implications for bibliometrics are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInformation Research
Volume22
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1-11
ISSN1368-1613
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event9th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science - Uppsala, Sweden
Duration: 27. Jun 201629. Jun 2016
Conference number: 9

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science
Number9
CountrySweden
CityUppsala
Period27/06/201629/06/2016

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