Cholesteatoma risk in 8,593 orofacial cleft cases and 6,989 siblings: A nationwide study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the risk of surgically treated middle ear cholesteatoma in individuals with a nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and in their siblings compared with the general population.

STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study.

METHODS: Using the unique civil registration number for linkage, data from three national registers were used for the Danish 1936-2009 birth cohorts. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated with Cox regression analyses using age as the underlying time variable. Individuals were followed from January 1, 1977 until time of surgically treated cholesteatoma, and censored at emigration, death, or end of follow-up (December 31, 2010).

RESULTS: A total of 8,593 individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and 6,989 siblings were identified, undergoing 201 and 21 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. A 5% random sample of the Danish population comprising 249,708 persons without an orofacial cleft was created, and 175,724 siblings to these persons were identified. These controls underwent 485 and 332 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. For individuals with cleft lip and palate the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 14 (95% confidence interval [CI], 12-18) and for individuals with cleft palate the HR was 20 (95% CI, 16-24) when compared with the random sample. In siblings of individuals with cleft palate, the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 2.1 (95% CI, 1.1-4.1) when compared with siblings of the random sample.

CONCLUSIONS: A 20-fold increase in the risk of cholesteatoma was found in individuals with cleft palate, whereas cleft lip did not pose a risk of cholesteatoma. Furthermore, the study indicates an increased risk of cholesteatoma in unaffected siblings of individuals with cleft palate.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b Laryngoscope, 2014.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume125
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1225–1229
ISSN0023-852X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Fingerprint

Cholesteatoma
Cleft Palate
Cleft Lip
Confidence Intervals
Middle Ear Cholesteatoma
Laryngoscopes
Orofacial Cleft 8
Information Storage and Retrieval
Emigration and Immigration
Population
Cohort Studies
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Cholesteatoma
  • Denmark
  • Eustachian tube
  • cleft lip
  • cleft lip and palate
  • cleft palate
  • middle ear
  • orofacial cleft
  • register
  • siblings
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Incidence
  • Female
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment/methods
  • Siblings
  • Cleft Palate/complications
  • Risk Factors
  • Cholesteatoma/epidemiology
  • Denmark/epidemiology
  • Cleft Lip/complications
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia

Cite this

@article{d798d714f9ee4256baedfe9405cf2aee,
title = "Cholesteatoma risk in 8,593 orofacial cleft cases and 6,989 siblings: A nationwide study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the risk of surgically treated middle ear cholesteatoma in individuals with a nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and in their siblings compared with the general population.STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study.METHODS: Using the unique civil registration number for linkage, data from three national registers were used for the Danish 1936-2009 birth cohorts. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated with Cox regression analyses using age as the underlying time variable. Individuals were followed from January 1, 1977 until time of surgically treated cholesteatoma, and censored at emigration, death, or end of follow-up (December 31, 2010).RESULTS: A total of 8,593 individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and 6,989 siblings were identified, undergoing 201 and 21 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. A 5{\%} random sample of the Danish population comprising 249,708 persons without an orofacial cleft was created, and 175,724 siblings to these persons were identified. These controls underwent 485 and 332 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. For individuals with cleft lip and palate the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 14 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 12-18) and for individuals with cleft palate the HR was 20 (95{\%} CI, 16-24) when compared with the random sample. In siblings of individuals with cleft palate, the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 2.1 (95{\%} CI, 1.1-4.1) when compared with siblings of the random sample.CONCLUSIONS: A 20-fold increase in the risk of cholesteatoma was found in individuals with cleft palate, whereas cleft lip did not pose a risk of cholesteatoma. Furthermore, the study indicates an increased risk of cholesteatoma in unaffected siblings of individuals with cleft palate.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b Laryngoscope, 2014.",
keywords = "Cholesteatoma, Denmark, Eustachian tube, cleft lip, cleft lip and palate, cleft palate, middle ear, orofacial cleft, register, siblings, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Incidence, Female, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment/methods, Siblings, Cleft Palate/complications, Risk Factors, Cholesteatoma/epidemiology, Denmark/epidemiology, Cleft Lip/complications, Ectodermal Dysplasia",
author = "Djurhuus, {Bjarki Ditlev} and Axel Skytthe and Faber, {Christian Emil} and Kaare Christensen",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1002/lary.25022",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "1225–1229",
journal = "Laryngoscope",
issn = "0023-852X",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.",
number = "5",

}

Cholesteatoma risk in 8,593 orofacial cleft cases and 6,989 siblings : A nationwide study. / Djurhuus, Bjarki Ditlev; Skytthe, Axel; Faber, Christian Emil; Christensen, Kaare.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 125, No. 5, 05.2015, p. 1225–1229.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cholesteatoma risk in 8,593 orofacial cleft cases and 6,989 siblings

T2 - A nationwide study

AU - Djurhuus, Bjarki Ditlev

AU - Skytthe, Axel

AU - Faber, Christian Emil

AU - Christensen, Kaare

N1 - © 2014 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

PY - 2015/5

Y1 - 2015/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the risk of surgically treated middle ear cholesteatoma in individuals with a nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and in their siblings compared with the general population.STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study.METHODS: Using the unique civil registration number for linkage, data from three national registers were used for the Danish 1936-2009 birth cohorts. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated with Cox regression analyses using age as the underlying time variable. Individuals were followed from January 1, 1977 until time of surgically treated cholesteatoma, and censored at emigration, death, or end of follow-up (December 31, 2010).RESULTS: A total of 8,593 individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and 6,989 siblings were identified, undergoing 201 and 21 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. A 5% random sample of the Danish population comprising 249,708 persons without an orofacial cleft was created, and 175,724 siblings to these persons were identified. These controls underwent 485 and 332 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. For individuals with cleft lip and palate the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 14 (95% confidence interval [CI], 12-18) and for individuals with cleft palate the HR was 20 (95% CI, 16-24) when compared with the random sample. In siblings of individuals with cleft palate, the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 2.1 (95% CI, 1.1-4.1) when compared with siblings of the random sample.CONCLUSIONS: A 20-fold increase in the risk of cholesteatoma was found in individuals with cleft palate, whereas cleft lip did not pose a risk of cholesteatoma. Furthermore, the study indicates an increased risk of cholesteatoma in unaffected siblings of individuals with cleft palate.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b Laryngoscope, 2014.

AB - OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the risk of surgically treated middle ear cholesteatoma in individuals with a nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and in their siblings compared with the general population.STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study.METHODS: Using the unique civil registration number for linkage, data from three national registers were used for the Danish 1936-2009 birth cohorts. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated with Cox regression analyses using age as the underlying time variable. Individuals were followed from January 1, 1977 until time of surgically treated cholesteatoma, and censored at emigration, death, or end of follow-up (December 31, 2010).RESULTS: A total of 8,593 individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and 6,989 siblings were identified, undergoing 201 and 21 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. A 5% random sample of the Danish population comprising 249,708 persons without an orofacial cleft was created, and 175,724 siblings to these persons were identified. These controls underwent 485 and 332 first-time cholesteatoma surgeries, respectively. For individuals with cleft lip and palate the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 14 (95% confidence interval [CI], 12-18) and for individuals with cleft palate the HR was 20 (95% CI, 16-24) when compared with the random sample. In siblings of individuals with cleft palate, the HR for cholesteatoma surgery was 2.1 (95% CI, 1.1-4.1) when compared with siblings of the random sample.CONCLUSIONS: A 20-fold increase in the risk of cholesteatoma was found in individuals with cleft palate, whereas cleft lip did not pose a risk of cholesteatoma. Furthermore, the study indicates an increased risk of cholesteatoma in unaffected siblings of individuals with cleft palate.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b Laryngoscope, 2014.

KW - Cholesteatoma

KW - Denmark

KW - Eustachian tube

KW - cleft lip

KW - cleft lip and palate

KW - cleft palate

KW - middle ear

KW - orofacial cleft

KW - register

KW - siblings

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Incidence

KW - Female

KW - Registries

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Risk Assessment/methods

KW - Siblings

KW - Cleft Palate/complications

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Cholesteatoma/epidemiology

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Cleft Lip/complications

KW - Ectodermal Dysplasia

U2 - 10.1002/lary.25022

DO - 10.1002/lary.25022

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25388367

VL - 125

SP - 1225

EP - 1229

JO - Laryngoscope

JF - Laryngoscope

SN - 0023-852X

IS - 5

ER -