Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Schoolyards are recognized as important settings for physical activity interventions during recess. However, varying results have been reported. This pilot study was conducted to gain in-depth knowledge of children’s physical activity behavior during recess using a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative GPS and accelerometer measurements with qualitative go-along group interviews and participant observations. Data were collected during three weekdays in a public school in Denmark. Eighty-one children (47 girls) wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X) and GPS (QStarz BT-Q1000xt), sixteen children participated in go-along group interviews, and recess behavior was observed using an ethnographical participant observation approach. All data were analyzed separated sys- tematically answering the Five W Questions. Children were categorized into Low, Middle and High physical activity groups and these groups were predominantly staying in three dif- ferent locations during recess: school building, schoolyard and field, respectively. Mostly girls were in the building remaining in there because of a perceived lack of attractive outdoor play facilities. The children in the schoolyard were predominantly girls who preferred the schoolyard over the field to avoid the competitive soccer games on the field whereas boys dominated the field playing soccer. Using a mixed-methods approach to investigate chil- dren’s physical activity behavior during recess helped gain in-depth knowledge that can aid development of future interventions in the school environment.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date3. Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 3. Jun 2015
Event2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA) - Edinburg, United Kingdom
Duration: 3. Jun 20156. Jun 2015

Conference

Conference2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA)
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburg
Period03/06/201506/06/2015

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Observation
Interviews
Exercise
Soccer
Denmark

Cite this

Pawlowski, C. S., Andersen, H. B., Troelsen, J., & Schipperijn, J. (2015). Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview. Abstract from 2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Edinburg, United Kingdom.
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title = "Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview",
abstract = "Schoolyards are recognized as important settings for physical activity interventions during recess. However, varying results have been reported. This pilot study was conducted to gain in-depth knowledge of children’s physical activity behavior during recess using a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative GPS and accelerometer measurements with qualitative go-along group interviews and participant observations. Data were collected during three weekdays in a public school in Denmark. Eighty-one children (47 girls) wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X) and GPS (QStarz BT-Q1000xt), sixteen children participated in go-along group interviews, and recess behavior was observed using an ethnographical participant observation approach. All data were analyzed separated sys- tematically answering the Five W Questions. Children were categorized into Low, Middle and High physical activity groups and these groups were predominantly staying in three dif- ferent locations during recess: school building, schoolyard and field, respectively. Mostly girls were in the building remaining in there because of a perceived lack of attractive outdoor play facilities. The children in the schoolyard were predominantly girls who preferred the schoolyard over the field to avoid the competitive soccer games on the field whereas boys dominated the field playing soccer. Using a mixed-methods approach to investigate chil- dren’s physical activity behavior during recess helped gain in-depth knowledge that can aid development of future interventions in the school environment.",
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Pawlowski, CS, Andersen, HB, Troelsen, J & Schipperijn, J 2015, 'Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview', 2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Edinburg, United Kingdom, 03/06/2015 - 06/06/2015.

Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview. / Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau; Andersen, Henriette Bondo; Troelsen, Jens; Schipperijn, Jasper.

2015. Abstract from 2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Edinburg, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview

AU - Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau

AU - Andersen, Henriette Bondo

AU - Troelsen, Jens

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

PY - 2015/6/3

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N2 - Schoolyards are recognized as important settings for physical activity interventions during recess. However, varying results have been reported. This pilot study was conducted to gain in-depth knowledge of children’s physical activity behavior during recess using a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative GPS and accelerometer measurements with qualitative go-along group interviews and participant observations. Data were collected during three weekdays in a public school in Denmark. Eighty-one children (47 girls) wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X) and GPS (QStarz BT-Q1000xt), sixteen children participated in go-along group interviews, and recess behavior was observed using an ethnographical participant observation approach. All data were analyzed separated sys- tematically answering the Five W Questions. Children were categorized into Low, Middle and High physical activity groups and these groups were predominantly staying in three dif- ferent locations during recess: school building, schoolyard and field, respectively. Mostly girls were in the building remaining in there because of a perceived lack of attractive outdoor play facilities. The children in the schoolyard were predominantly girls who preferred the schoolyard over the field to avoid the competitive soccer games on the field whereas boys dominated the field playing soccer. Using a mixed-methods approach to investigate chil- dren’s physical activity behavior during recess helped gain in-depth knowledge that can aid development of future interventions in the school environment.

AB - Schoolyards are recognized as important settings for physical activity interventions during recess. However, varying results have been reported. This pilot study was conducted to gain in-depth knowledge of children’s physical activity behavior during recess using a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative GPS and accelerometer measurements with qualitative go-along group interviews and participant observations. Data were collected during three weekdays in a public school in Denmark. Eighty-one children (47 girls) wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X) and GPS (QStarz BT-Q1000xt), sixteen children participated in go-along group interviews, and recess behavior was observed using an ethnographical participant observation approach. All data were analyzed separated sys- tematically answering the Five W Questions. Children were categorized into Low, Middle and High physical activity groups and these groups were predominantly staying in three dif- ferent locations during recess: school building, schoolyard and field, respectively. Mostly girls were in the building remaining in there because of a perceived lack of attractive outdoor play facilities. The children in the schoolyard were predominantly girls who preferred the schoolyard over the field to avoid the competitive soccer games on the field whereas boys dominated the field playing soccer. Using a mixed-methods approach to investigate chil- dren’s physical activity behavior during recess helped gain in-depth knowledge that can aid development of future interventions in the school environment.

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Pawlowski CS, Andersen HB, Troelsen J, Schipperijn J. Children’s Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview. 2015. Abstract from 2015 Annual Meeting The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Edinburg, United Kingdom.