Characteristics of middle-aged and elderly women with urinary incontinence

Gerhard Rohr, Henrik Støvring, Kaare Christensen, David Gaist, Hanne Nybo, Jakob Kragstrup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence and to find characteristics useful in general practice for identifying middle-aged and elderly women with the problem. Design. Cross-sectional interview study. Setting. Population-based samples of Danes. Subjects. A total of 5795 women older than 45 years (46+ years). Main outcome measures. Prevalence of incontinence and clinical characteristics assessed by standardized interview questions. Results. The overall prevalence of urinary incontinence was 20% among women less than 60 years of age and 44% among those older than 80 years. Increasing age was highly associated with both forms of incontinence (stress and urge). High body mass index (BMI), chronic lung disease, and stroke were also associated with both forms, while number of children was associated with stress incontinence only. Predictive models show that 56% of women characterized by high age (older than 80 years) and overweight (BMI higher than 30) will suffer from urinary incontinence. The low-risk group defined by these two parameters (aged 46–60 years and not overweight) still had a 19% prevalence in the last month. Conclusion. The prevalence of urinary incontinence increased with age. Even in the low-risk groups the problem was very common in old age. Questions about incontinence should, therefore, be asked in relevant consultations with all elderly female patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Volume23
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)203-208
ISSN0281-3432
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Body Mass Index
Interviews
Urge Urinary Incontinence
General Practice
Lung Diseases
Referral and Consultation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Population

Cite this

Rohr, Gerhard ; Støvring, Henrik ; Christensen, Kaare ; Gaist, David ; Nybo, Hanne ; Kragstrup, Jakob. / Characteristics of middle-aged and elderly women with urinary incontinence. In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 2005 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 203-208.
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abstract = "Objective. To describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence and to find characteristics useful in general practice for identifying middle-aged and elderly women with the problem. Design. Cross-sectional interview study. Setting. Population-based samples of Danes. Subjects. A total of 5795 women older than 45 years (46+ years). Main outcome measures. Prevalence of incontinence and clinical characteristics assessed by standardized interview questions. Results. The overall prevalence of urinary incontinence was 20{\%} among women less than 60 years of age and 44{\%} among those older than 80 years. Increasing age was highly associated with both forms of incontinence (stress and urge). High body mass index (BMI), chronic lung disease, and stroke were also associated with both forms, while number of children was associated with stress incontinence only. Predictive models show that 56{\%} of women characterized by high age (older than 80 years) and overweight (BMI higher than 30) will suffer from urinary incontinence. The low-risk group defined by these two parameters (aged 46–60 years and not overweight) still had a 19{\%} prevalence in the last month. Conclusion. The prevalence of urinary incontinence increased with age. Even in the low-risk groups the problem was very common in old age. Questions about incontinence should, therefore, be asked in relevant consultations with all elderly female patients.",
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Characteristics of middle-aged and elderly women with urinary incontinence. / Rohr, Gerhard; Støvring, Henrik; Christensen, Kaare; Gaist, David; Nybo, Hanne; Kragstrup, Jakob.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2005, p. 203-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Characteristics of middle-aged and elderly women with urinary incontinence

AU - Rohr, Gerhard

AU - Støvring, Henrik

AU - Christensen, Kaare

AU - Gaist, David

AU - Nybo, Hanne

AU - Kragstrup, Jakob

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Objective. To describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence and to find characteristics useful in general practice for identifying middle-aged and elderly women with the problem. Design. Cross-sectional interview study. Setting. Population-based samples of Danes. Subjects. A total of 5795 women older than 45 years (46+ years). Main outcome measures. Prevalence of incontinence and clinical characteristics assessed by standardized interview questions. Results. The overall prevalence of urinary incontinence was 20% among women less than 60 years of age and 44% among those older than 80 years. Increasing age was highly associated with both forms of incontinence (stress and urge). High body mass index (BMI), chronic lung disease, and stroke were also associated with both forms, while number of children was associated with stress incontinence only. Predictive models show that 56% of women characterized by high age (older than 80 years) and overweight (BMI higher than 30) will suffer from urinary incontinence. The low-risk group defined by these two parameters (aged 46–60 years and not overweight) still had a 19% prevalence in the last month. Conclusion. The prevalence of urinary incontinence increased with age. Even in the low-risk groups the problem was very common in old age. Questions about incontinence should, therefore, be asked in relevant consultations with all elderly female patients.

AB - Objective. To describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence and to find characteristics useful in general practice for identifying middle-aged and elderly women with the problem. Design. Cross-sectional interview study. Setting. Population-based samples of Danes. Subjects. A total of 5795 women older than 45 years (46+ years). Main outcome measures. Prevalence of incontinence and clinical characteristics assessed by standardized interview questions. Results. The overall prevalence of urinary incontinence was 20% among women less than 60 years of age and 44% among those older than 80 years. Increasing age was highly associated with both forms of incontinence (stress and urge). High body mass index (BMI), chronic lung disease, and stroke were also associated with both forms, while number of children was associated with stress incontinence only. Predictive models show that 56% of women characterized by high age (older than 80 years) and overweight (BMI higher than 30) will suffer from urinary incontinence. The low-risk group defined by these two parameters (aged 46–60 years and not overweight) still had a 19% prevalence in the last month. Conclusion. The prevalence of urinary incontinence increased with age. Even in the low-risk groups the problem was very common in old age. Questions about incontinence should, therefore, be asked in relevant consultations with all elderly female patients.

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