Characteristics of culprit lesion in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and improvement of diagnostic utility using dual energy cardiac CT

Hussam Mahmoud Sheta, Sören Möller, Laurits Juhl Heinsen, Koen Nieman, Thomas Thomsen, Kenneth Egstrup, Jess Lambrechtsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the study was to identify the characteristics of the culprit lesions compared to non-culprit lesions in patients with non-ST-elevation-myocardial infarction using dual energy computed tomography (DECT). Methods and results: In 29 patients, we identified 29 culprit lesions and 227 non-culprit lesions. Quantitative values such as the effective atomic number (effective-Z) and Hounsfield Units (HU) values were measured. Furthermore, all the lesions were characterised using characteristics such as composition (non-calcified, predominantly-non-calcified, predominantly-calcified, or calcified), presence of spotty calcification, remodelling index, and napkin ring sign. The mean effective-Z and HU values were significantly lower in culprit lesions than in non-culprit lesions (8.99 ± 1.21 vs 9.79 ± 1.52; p = 0.0066 and 87.41 ± 84.97 vs. 154.45 ± 176.13; p = 0.0447). The culprit lesions had a higher frequency of non-calcified plaques and predominantly non-calcified plaques, and were with a greater presence of napkin ring signs in comparison with non-culprit lesions. There were no differences in the presence of spotty calcification or remodelling index. By adding effective-Z to plaque characteristics such as non-calcified, positive remodelling, spotty calcification, and napkin rings we observed a significant increased sensitivity of detecting culprit lesions (65.5% vs.44.8%), but no significant changes in area under curve (AUC). Conclusion: The use of DECT adds new information of the plaque composition expressed by the effective-Z, which differs significantly in culprit lesions in comparison with non-culprit lesions. The use of the effective-Z improves the diagnostic sensitivity in detection of culprit lesions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
ISSN1569-5794
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27. Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiac computed tomography angiography
  • Culprit lesions
  • Thin-cap fibro atheroma
  • Vulnerable plaques

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