Changing circadian variation of transient myocardial ischemia during the first year after a first acute myocardial infarction

H Mickley, P Pless, J R Nielsen, M Møller

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Abstract

In a consecutive series of 123 men (aged 55 +/- 8 years) with a recent first acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 24-hour ambulatory ST-segment monitoring was performed early after discharge (day 11 +/- 5), 6 months (day 185 +/- 6) and 1 year (day 368 +/- 8) after AMI. No difference in the prevalence of transient myocardial ischemia was found between the 3 recordings (17, 17 and 20%), and most ischemic episodes were silent (98, 100 and 97%). In the early postinfarction period, a peak of ischemic activity was demonstrated between 6 P.M. and midnight (40 of 93 episodes [43%]). Over time, the maximal occurrence of ischemia gradually advanced toward the morning hours with a peak activity between 6 A.M. and noon at 1-year follow-up (32 of 73 episodes [44%]). Significantly more patients (16 of 21 [76%]) had ischemia from 6 P.M. to midnight at discharge compared with the findings 1 year later (9 of 23 patients [39%]) (p < 0.03). An opposite trend was found regarding patients who exhibited ischemic episodes in the hours from 6 A.M. to noon: 10 of 21 patients (48%) early after discharge versus 17 of 23 patients (74%) at 1-year follow-up (p = not significant). Results from the 6-month recording displayed characteristics between the findings from discharge and 1-year ambulatory monitoring. The pathophysiologic processes underlying the observations from this study are unknown. The change in circadian periodicity could not be explained from differences in heart rate variation patterns or medical antianginal treatment among the 3 recordings.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume70
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)1117-22
Number of pages5
ISSN0002-9149
Publication statusPublished - 1. Nov 1992

Keywords

  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors

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