Carboxydothermus pertinax sp. nov., a thermophilic, hydrogenogenic, Fe(III)-reducing, sulfur-reducing carboxydotrophic bacterium from an acidic hot spring

Yasuko Yoneda, Takashi Yoshida, Satoshi Kawaichi, Takashi Daifuku, Keiji Takabe, Yoshihiko Sako

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


A novel anaerobic, Fe(III)-reducing, hydrogenogenic, carboxydotrophic bacterium, designated strain Ug1(T), was isolated from a volcanic acidic hot spring in southern Kyushu Island, Japan. Cells of the isolate were rod-shaped (1.0-3.0 µm long) and motile due to peritrichous flagella. Strain Ug1(T) grew chemolithoautotrophically on CO (100% in the gas phase) with reduction of ferric citrate, amorphous iron (III) oxide, 9,10-anthraquinone 2,6-disulfonate, thiosulfate or elemental sulfur. No carboxydotrophic growth occurred with sulfate, sulfite, nitrate or fumarate as electron acceptor. During growth on CO, H(2) and CO(2) were produced. Growth occurred on molecular hydrogen as an energy source and carbon dioxide as a sole carbon source. Growth was observed on various organic compounds under an N(2) atmosphere with the reduction of ferric iron. The temperature range for carboxydotrophic growth was 50-70 °C, with an optimum at 65 °C. The pH(25 °C) range for growth was 4.6-8.6, with an optimum between 6.0 and 6.5. The doubling time under optimum conditions using CO with ferric citrate was 1.5 h. The DNA G+C content was 42.2 mol%. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that this strain belongs to the thermophilic carboxydotrophic bacterial genus Carboxydothermus, with sequence similarities of 94.1-96.6% to members of this genus. The isolate can be distinguished from other members of the genus Carboxydothermus by its ability to grow with elemental sulfur or thiosulfate coupled to CO oxidation. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis and unique physiological features, the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Carboxydothermus for which the name Carboxydothermus pertinax sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain of the novel species is Ug1(T) (=DSM 23698(T)=NBRC 107576(T)).

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1692-1697
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaerobiosis
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Cluster Analysis
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Flagella
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Hot Springs
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iron
  • Japan
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sulfur
  • Temperature


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