Carbon Policies in Network Distribution: A Simulation Approach for Sustainable Supply Chains

Marina Meireles Pereira*, Elias Ribeiro da Silva, Arne Bilberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


New carbon policies are being introduced by many countries due to stricter sustainability targets. However, the existing research lacks investigation on how carbon policies influence supply chain distribution networks. In this paper, we investigate how different network policies would influence the supply chain carbon footprint and costs while analyzing how different strategies to minimize the total emissions potentially influence the network distribution operation. A simulation approach is used to investigate the impact of carbon policies in a retail company. The case study results show that adopting a carbon emission policy represents a small increase in transportation costs despite affecting omni-channel distribution network strategies to reduce transportation carbon emissions. This research is expected to be useful to support companies with a new approach for a more data-driven decision-making process toward sustainable distribution networks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC)
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-7662-1
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-7661-4
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2022 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2022 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 11. Dec 202214. Dec 2022


Conference2022 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2022
SeriesProceedings - Winter Simulation Conference

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Fabrikant Mads Clausen Fond, Denmark, for the project “Simulation Lab – Enabling simulation along the value chain”.


  • supply chain
  • network distribution
  • simulation
  • carbon neutrality
  • carbon policy
  • sustainability


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