Background: Controversy surrounds whether women with low-risk cytology screening results but a normal colposcopic assessment should have random biopsies taken. The aim of this study was to determine the yield of CIN2+ from one to four cervical biopsies in women with cytology of LSIL or ASCUS and a normal colposcopic impression. Methods: Between January 2017 and September 2020, women over 18 years old referred for colposcopic examination due to either an abnormal smear (ASCUS+) or follow-up after previous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) were invited to participate in the study. All study participants underwent colposcopic examination and had four biopsies taken. The biopsies were analyzed separately. Results: In total, 1327 women with abnormal cervical cancer screening results or attending follow-up after a previous CIN diagnosis were enrolled in the study and examined by colposcopy. Of these, 173 were newly referred with cytology of LSIL or ASCUS and had a normal colposcopic impression and four adequate biopsies. Of these, 22.0% were diagnosed with CIN2+. When combining the results of the four biopsies, we found a 100% relative increase in CIN2+ cases compared to using only one biopsy (from 11.0% to 22.0%, P = 0.006). Conclusion: As we found CIN2+ from random cervical biopsies in 22.0% of women with cytology of LSIL or ASCUS who had a normal colposcopic impression, we advocate performing four random cervical biopsies at the squamocolumnar junction in such women. Trial registration NCT04249856, January 31 2020 (retrospectively registered).
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).
- Atypical squamous cells of the cervix
- Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
- Precancerous conditions
- Squamous intraepithelial lesions
- Prospective Studies
- Early Detection of Cancer
- Vaginal Smears
- Papillomavirus Infections
- Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis