Brewer´s spent grain to bioethanol through a hybrid saccharification and fermentation process

Leonardo Sibono, Stefania Tronci, Massimiliano Grosso*, Ron Hajrizaj, Massimiliano Errico

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Brewer´s spent grain, without being pre-treated, has been investigated for bioethanol production through aHybrid Saccharification and Fermentation (HSF) process with high solid loading. HSF experiments wereperformed in a 2 L bioreactor where Cellic ® CTec2 was used to perform the enzymatic hydrolysis, andSaccharomyces Cerevisiae was used for the fermentation. The reaction environment was first set to favoursaccharification. Then, after 26 h, the reactor was inoculated with the yeast. The results evidenced the presenceof glucose, xylose, and arabinose after the conversion of cellulose and hemicellulose and a rapid depletion ofglucose after adding the yeast. The pentoses were also consumed, but with a much slower reaction rate. Almostfour hours after adding the yeast, the amount of ethanol had reached a maximum and then began to decreaseas microorganisms began to use ethanol as a substrate after glucose depletion. The obtained ethanol yield,evaluated with respect to the theoretical value, was equal to 72%.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesChemical Engineering Transactions
Volume99
Pages (from-to)7-12
ISSN2283-9216
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30. May 2023

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