Bone disease in diabetes: Another manifestation of microvascular disease?

Vikram V. Shanbhogue*, Stinus Hansen, Morten Frost, Kim Brixen, Anne P. Hermann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are generally accepted to be associated with increased bone fracture risk. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms of diabetic bone disease are poorly understood, and whether the associated increased skeletal fragility is a comorbidity or a complication of diabetes remains under debate. Although there is some indication of a direct deleterious effect of microangiopathy on bone, the evidence is open to question, and whether diabetic osteopathy can be classified as a chronic, microvascular complication of diabetes remains uncertain. Here, we review the current knowledge of potential contributory factors to diabetic bone disease, particularly the association between diabetic microangiopathy and bone mineral density, bone structure, and bone turnover. Additionally, we discuss and propose a pathophysiological model of the effects of diabetic microvascular disease on bone, and examine the progression of bone disease alongside the evolution of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Volume5
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)827-838
ISSN2213-8587
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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