Blood Flow Restriction Exercise: Considerations of Methodology, Application, and Safety

Stephen D Patterson*, Luke Hughes, Stuart Warmington, Jamie Burr, Brendan R Scott, Johnny Owens, Takashi Abe, Jakob L Nielsen, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Gilberto Laurentino, Gabriel Rodrigues Neto, Christopher Brandner, Juan Martin-Hernandez, Jeremy Loenneke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The current manuscript sets out a position stand for blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise, focusing on the methodology, application and safety of this mode of training. With the emergence of this technique and the wide variety of applications within the literature, the aim of this position stand is to set out a current research informed guide to BFR training to practitioners. This covers the use of BFR to enhance muscular strength and hypertrophy via training with resistance and aerobic exercise and preventing muscle atrophy using the technique passively. The authorship team for this article was selected from the researchers focused in BFR training research with expertise in exercise science, strength and conditioning and sports medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number533
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 15. May 2019


  • BFR exercise
  • Blood flow restriction exercise
  • Kaatsu training
  • Occlusion training
  • Resistance training


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