INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation support (SCS) in the hospital is essential; patients often struggle to maintain quit attempts, which necessitates assistance from healthcare professionals (HCPs). However, unknown barriers can obstruct the implementation of SCS in hospitals. This study aims to uncover barriers to the implementation of SCS in psychiatric, somatic, inpatient, and outpatient hospital settings.

METHODS: In the period from June to September 2021, HCPs in a large secondary care hospital in the Region of Southern Denmark completed an online, cross-sectional study, providing sociodemographic details and listing potential barriers to SCS. They also shared additional barriers in the form of free-text responses. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis of free-text responses were performed.

RESULTS: Of 1645 HCPs surveyed, 409 elaborated their response in the free-text field assessing unlisted barriers. Top listed barriers, reported by more than one-third of participants, included: 'lack of time' (45.1%), 'lack of patient motivation' (34.3%), and 'insufficient knowledge on how to support' (32.2%). Free-text responses revealed three barrier-related, which we grouped under the themes of: 'Concerned about the patient', 'Not part of my job', and 'Inappropriate setting'.

CONCLUSIONS: This quantitative and qualitative study identifies barriers to SCS on multiple levels in the hospital setting, i.e. on the patient, provider, and organizational levels. These results can inform healthcare organizations and professionals in the implementation of SCS in routine hospital care.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTobacco Prevention & Cessation
Publication statusPublished - 2024


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