Barriers and facilitators in using a Clinical Decision Support System for fall risk management for older people: a European survey

Kim J. Ploegmakers*, Stephanie Medlock, Annemiek J. Linn, Yumin Lin, Lotta J. Seppälä, Mirko Petrovic, Eva Topinkova, Jesper Ryg, Maria Angeles Caballero Mora, Francesco Landi, Heinrich Thaler, Katarzyna Szczerbińska, Sirpa Hartikainen, Gulistan Bahat, Birkan Ilhan, Yvonne Morrissey, Tahir Masud, Nathalie van der Velde, Julia C.M. van Weert, the European Geriatric Medicine Society (EuGMS) Task and Finish group on Fall-Risk Increasing Drugs (FRIDs)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Fall-Risk Increasing Drugs (FRIDs) are an important and modifiable fall-risk factor. A Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) could support doctors in optimal FRIDs deprescribing. Understanding barriers and facilitators is important for a successful implementation of any CDSS. We conducted a European survey to assess barriers and facilitators to CDSS use and explored differences in their perceptions. Methods: We examined and compared the relative importance and the occurrence of regional differences of a literature-based list of barriers and facilitators for CDSS usage among physicians treating older fallers from 11 European countries. Results: We surveyed 581 physicians (mean age 44.9 years, 64.5% female, 71.3% geriatricians). The main barriers were technical issues (66%) and indicating a reason before overriding an alert (58%). The main facilitators were a CDSS that is beneficial for patient care (68%) and easy-to-use (64%). We identified regional differences, e.g., expense and legal issues were barriers for significantly more Eastern-European physicians compared to other regions, while training was selected less often as a facilitator by West-European physicians. Some physicians believed that due to the medical complexity of their patients, their own clinical judgement is better than advice from the CDSS. Conclusion: When designing a CDSS for Geriatric Medicine, the patient’s medical complexity must be addressed whilst maintaining the doctor’s decision-making autonomy. For a successful CDSS implementation in Europe, regional differences in barrier perception should be overcome. Equipping a CDSS with prediction models has the potential to provide individualized recommendations for deprescribing FRIDs in older falls patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Geriatric Medicine
Volume13
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)395-405
ISSN1878-7649
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS)
  • Facilitators
  • Falls prevention
  • Medication review
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Physicians
  • Humans
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical
  • Male
  • Risk Management
  • Accidental Falls/prevention & control
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Aged

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