Balancing Renewable Energy Development and Local Concerns Through 'Polluter Pays'-based Legislation: A Case study of Denmark

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Abstract

The article focuses on Denmark’s legislative approach to managing local opposition to renewable energy projects. It examines how Denmark uniquely combines economic incentives and rights tai-lored to renewable energy to mitigate local opposition, through schemes based on hedonic pricing principles. The article explores local concerns over renewable energy installations, the impact of these installations on property values and the effectiveness of finan-cial compensation in promoting local acceptance. This is examined within the framework of energy justice theory, assessing the distrib-utive and procedural justice aspects of the Danish model. The study incorporates a legal-sociological perspective, using feedback from preliminary consultation rounds on renewable energy projects and case law to assess the consistency of the Danish scheme with the theoretical framework. The article also highlights the challenges and ambiguities in the assessment and compensation process under the Danish scheme.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Energy and Environmental Law Review
Volume33
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)1-15
ISSN1879-3886
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10. Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Renewable energy
  • hedonic pricing
  • local opposition
  • energy justice
  • procedural fairness
  • distributive fairness

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