Bacterial and archaeal diversity in an iron-rich coastal hydrothermal field in Yamagawa, Kagoshima, Japan

Satoshi Kawaichi, Norihiro Ito, Takashi Yoshida, Yoshihiko Sako*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Physicochemical characteristics and archaeal and bacterial community structures in an iron-rich coastal hydrothermal field, where the temperature of the most active hot spot reaches above 100°C, were investigated to obtain fundamental information on microbes inhabiting a coastal hydrothermal field. The environmental settings of the coastal hydrothermal field were similar in some degree to those of deep-sea hydrothermal environments because of its emission of H2, CO2, and sulfide from the bottom of the hot spot. The results of clone analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene led us to speculate the presence of a chemo-synthetic microbial ecosystem, where chemolithoautotrophic thermophiles, primarily the bacterial order Aquificales, function as primary producers using H2 or sulfur compounds as their energy source and CO2 as their carbon source, and the organic compounds synthesized by them support the growth of chemoheterotrophic thermophiles, such as members of the order Thermales and the family Desulfurococcaceae. In addition, the dominance of members of the bacterial genus Herbaspirillum in the high temperature bottom layer led us to speculate the temporal formation of mesophilic zones where they can also function as primary producing or nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMicrobes and Environments
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)405-413
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemo-synthetic ecosystem
  • Coastal hydrothermal field
  • Extremophiles
  • Thermophiles


Dive into the research topics of 'Bacterial and archaeal diversity in an iron-rich coastal hydrothermal field in Yamagawa, Kagoshima, Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this